Open Access Minireview Article

Review Article on Relation between Hinduism and Environment - A Vedic Approach

Shikha Uniyal Gairola

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, Page 19-25
DOI: 10.9734/ajee/2020/v13i330183

The present paper gives an insight of the importance of the environment in the oldest religion of the world either, Hinduism and discovers the environmental ethics which were prevailing in the olden society and how far we human are still practicing those ethics of ancient time.

Human existence and environment have been co-existed since the evolution of human on earth. Environment had provided clean air, clean water and an environment free of toxins to the human kind. All the religion in the world had given due respect to the environment since time immemorial. Environment owes the important position in all the major religion of the world namely Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity. Hinduism can better be termed as a way of life. Hinduism is considered one of the oldest and the scientific religion of the world.

In Hinduism, environment and nature are considered as the gift of God. Hindu religion believed that survival of human kind is totally dependent on healthy environment. All the forces of nature either air, water, sun, earth and fire are termed as god, and hence they are eligible to be worshipped in Hinduism. The time when the conservation and protection of the environment was not even thought of, at that time the Vedas and Puranas which are the sacred books of Hindu religion, had directed human being to worship nature and its components.

Practices in Hinduism as confirmed by the study of Vedas were environmentally friendly and if those practices are followed today it can give answers to the various environmental problems.

Open Access Original Research Article

Implications of Philately in Promoting the Protected Natural Areas (III): Cozia National Park

Bogdan-Vasile Cioruța, Alexandru Leonard Pop, Mirela Coman

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajee/2020/v13i330181

Romania is a blessed place with many areas of unique beauty - as part of the natural heritage - with places where the spectacle of nature delights your eyes and take your breath with every step. Constantly promoting philatelic themes that use natural wealth and the beauty of our country as subjects, the administrative entity (with various names over time) responsible for issuing postage stamps performs a series of postage stamps in whose images are found rarities of flora and fauna, a miracle of nature. To show that protected natural areas have a special beauty, and to make them known to everyone, in this paper, we bring to the discussion the most significant philatelic peculiarities in the Cozia National Park.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study of Tourism Development Influence on QoL – Perceptions of Alishan Indigenous Tribes in Taiwan

Hsiao-Ming Chang, Chiu-Hui Hung, Yen-Chen Huang Huang

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, Page 9-18
DOI: 10.9734/ajee/2020/v13i330182

The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of indigenous people’s perceived the quality of life (QoL) on the tribe in the process of tourism development. In the survey, 8 tribes in Alishan were selected as the research objects, and a total of 827 valid questionnaires were collected through random sampling based on the proportion of each tribe's households. After statistical analysis, the findings of this study are as follows: 1. In terms of the influence on QoL, indigenous people’s perceived higher are "I am proud of our tribe". 2. Different demographic variables have an influence on the perceived QoL of indigenous peoples. 3. Those whose family work has nothing to do with the tourism industry have a higher perception of the influence on the QoL. Based on the above findings, this study not only gives suggestions to indigenous tribes and tourism sectors of the government, but also puts forward specific research reference directions for future tribal tourism researchers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Carbon Stock and Storage Capacity of Tree Species in Strict Nature Reserve of Omo Biosphere Reserve, Ogun State, Nigeria

Rosemary Egodi Ubaekwe

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, Page 26-36
DOI: 10.9734/ajee/2020/v13i330184

Carbon is the main casual factor for global warming and climate change. Increased industrialization is known to be the chief contributor to increased atmospheric carbon concentration. Forest ecosystem plays significant role as a major terrestrial carbon sinks that reduces atmospheric carbon concentration. This study assessed the amount of carbon sequestered in the Strict Nature Reserve (SNR) of Omo Biosphere Reserve and the contribution of individual tree species to the carbon stocks. A non-destructive approach was deployed in the study. Systematic random sampling technique was used to demarcate 20 sample plots of 30x30 m. In each sample plot, all tree species (DBH ≥ 10 cm) were identified and measured for their total heights while diameter were measured at breast height (DBH), base, medium and top. Findings indicated 616 stems/ha in the reserve, Strombosia pustulata (63stems/ha) had the highest tree population. Diversity indices showed that the reserve is rich in tree species diversity with potentials for incessant growth due to the existence of young trees in the lower canopy. The high biomass and carbon storage of the tree species revealed the contribution of the reserve to climate change mitigation through co2 absorption from the atmosphere. Ceiba pentandra (9stems/ha) contributed most (26.14%) to the entire carbon stock in the reserve. However higher stem density of tree species hectare-1 did not translate to higher percentage of carbon stock input of the tree species to the entire carbon stock of the reserve. Trees with higher DBH and wood density store more carbon than trees with lesser DBH and wood density. Thus, tree species ability to sequester more carbon is dependent on its DBH and wood density, rather than its population. The need to conserve and increase the tree species diversity is implicated in the study.

Open Access Original Research Article

Suitability of Usuma Dam Water for Domestic Use in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria

Sani Mustapha Omolori, Marcus Danjuma, Magaji Joshua

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, Page 37-48
DOI: 10.9734/ajee/2020/v13i330185

The quality of water sources should be tested regularly for various parameters of interest to ensure it meet the standard qualities required for intended use(s). Thus, the suitability of Usuma dam water for domestic use in Nigeria’s Federal Capital Territory Abuja was assessed. The objectives were to assess the properties of Usuma dam water and ascertain its suitability for domestic purpose. A total of thirty (30) water samples were fetched directly. Ten (10) samples each from upstream, downstream and middle were collected. Precautions were taken to prevent sample contamination. Data collected were analyzed as follows: The water properties was analyzed using range and mean, suitability of water properties for domestic purpose was  analyzed by comparing range and mean values with Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) and the World Health Organization (WHO) standard for domestic uses. Result showed that water sample were slight acidic (6.83), EC was low (122-180 µs/cm3), TDS (120-144 Mg/l), TSS (1.2-1.7 Mg/l, turbidity (0.29-5.37 Mg/l,) total hardness (7.18-40.46 Mg/l) DO (3.8-4.7 Mg/l), BOD (2.2-4.21 Mg/l), and (25.6-55.4 Mg/l). Minerals nutrients (Ca, Mg, Cl-,Na, K, NO-3 and PO-4. ) in water samples were lower than regulatory standard while heavy metals (Fe, Si, Zn, Pb, Cr, Cd, Cu, Mn, F and B) were relatively higher than regulatory standard. It was concluded that water from Usuma dam are not safe for domestic purpose especially drinking.