Open Access Original Research Article

Residents’ Perceived Marine Tourism Impacts and Support Development Attitude - Case Study of Jibei Island

Hsiao- Ming Chang, Yen- Chen Huang

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/AJEE/2017/38298

This study analyzes a small island residents’ impact on development of marine tourism perception and support attitude to new island tourism development and investigates tourism dependence on residents’ impact perception and attitude toward support its moderating effect. This study took residents living on Jibei Island in Taiwan’s Penghu Islands archipelago as the subjects, using the convenience sampling method of questionnaires, and collected a total of 279 valid questionnaires. After statistical analysis, this study has the following findings. Residents perceived that tourism development has brought about the impact of traffic congestion, marine pollution, coastal landscape damage, destruction of coral reefs, but increased employment opportunities. And in the factors of “negative impact to living conditions”, “negative impact to marine environment”, “improved infrastructure”, and “positive economic impact” significantly influence residents support attitude towards tourism development. The residents of depend on the tourism, will affect their perception on the impact of marine tourism and tourism development support attitude.  The results of this study not only provide reference to island countries in the development of marine tourism, but also offer specific directions and recommendations for future research.

Open Access Original Research Article

Governance of Forests: Assessment of the Resettlement of Benet/Ndorobos Issues in the Management of Mount Elgon National Park, Uganda

Adonia Kakurungu Kamukasa Bintoora, Richard Godfrey Matanda

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/AJEE/2017/37838

Mount Elgon forest is a trans-boundary ecosystem transcending Kenya – Uganda border. It is an important watershed which nourishes Lake Victoria, Lake Kyoga, Lake Turkana and a vast array of rivers including the Nile. The Benet/Ndorobo community has for a long time been using the forest as a shelter, source of pasture for livestock and wild food as well as products like handcrafts materials. In the recent past, the community has adopted crop farming with adverse effect on the forest ecosystem. To avert the dire consequences of forest degradation as a result of human settlement, the government decided to degazette about 6000 ha of the forest to systematically resettle this group. However, the resettlement exercise was mismanaged and as a result, many people were either not properly resettled or totally ignored. Further attempts by the government to portion more forest land for Benet/Ndorobos was in vain. Against this background, a study was carried out between August 2014 and June 2015 aimed at identifying the governance issues involved in the management of the forest and root causes of the resettlement problems, leading to  the government’s failure to peacefully, fairly and justly handle Benet/Ndorobos’ land case. The document analysis approach coupled with systematic verification of land claims was applied. In addition, structured interviews with government officials and opinion leaders who were selected using purposive sampling technique were carried out. The results indicated that whereas, the resettlement exercise was initially intended to benefit the marginalised community; over 80% of land recipients were non-Benet/Ndorobos. Also, the land allocation exercise was characterised by political interference, nepotism, incompetence, corruption, abuse of the resettlement guidelines and total neglect of interests and concerns of targeted community. The study concludes that Benet resettlement is more or less a structural problem that demands a high degree of good governance practices. 

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Indigenous Land Tenure System as a Hindrance to the Development of Pandam Wildlife Park

J. I. Uloko, G. O. Yager

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJEE/2017/37972

Pandam Wildlife Park (PWP) is home to diverse wildlife resources. Indiscriminate encroachment              by surrounding communities has become major problem to sustainability of biodiversity management. For this study, semi- structured household survey questionnaire was used in                    four surrounding communities of the park; Pandam village, Kyarda, Aningo and Nasukuuk. A total     of 1324 questionnaires were administered in the surrounding communities out of 4200               estimated households, representing about 31.5%. Data collected was analyzed using simple descriptive statistics, tables and chi- square analysis. Result revealed that about 89.5% of the land belongs to individuals in the community (customary land tenure system) as against 10.5% statutory. The study also revealed that 53% of the people claimed that the land tenure system impacted negatively on Pandam Wildlife Park while 47% believed otherwise. The data analyzed using chi-square statistical analysis confirmed that there is significant difference between the surrounding communities in relation to the effect of land tenure system (0.05) on PWP. Alongside the land tenure system threat are farm encroachment, settlement and grazing activities. Wildlife co-existing with rural dwellers is difficult to maintain and sustain. Therefore, active participations of local dwellers and awareness are fundamental to establishment, development and sustenance for any protective Area/park.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Gross Effect of Beta Radioactivity Concentration in Groundwater at Kakuri, Kaduna South Local Government Kaduna, Nigeria

T. O. Adeeko, E. O. Ajala, H. O. Ogbochukwu

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJEE/2017/38474

Water pollution is probably one of the most important threat because of it health hazards. Water pollution is the contamination of the water bodies such as lakes, rivers, ocean and underground water by human or natural activities that constitute a great deal of danger to both plants, animals and human being. Petroleum and refinery wastes, application of nitrates and phosphates fertilizers, mining wastes, radioactive substances, toxic chemicals and wrongful disposal of sewage are the main causes of water pollutions in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to determine the level of beta radioactivity in underground water at kakuri Kaduna south Local Government Area Council of Kaduna state, Nigeria, located within latitude 10°281011 and longitude 7°251011 covering 59 km2 with population of 402,390 according to the census report conducted in 2006. Ten water samples including five hand-dug wells and five boreholes were samples analyzed using the portable single channel Gas free MPC2000b-DP detector. The range of beta activity varied from 0.200 ± 0.041 Bq/L to 1.530 ± 0.141 Bq/L with a mean value of 0.613 ± 0.104 Bq/L as shown from the result. This result showed that the beta activity was below the recommended value set by world health organization (WHO) which was 1.0 Bq/L per year. But transformer borehole had higher value of 1.530 Bq/L which posed threat to the human health. Therefore, if the water from the remaining samples point is consumed, it posed no threat to the health of the people around the area.

 

Open Access Review Article

Sustainable Development Goals on Energy and Environment: Key Issues in Sri Lanka

Habeeb Mohamed Nijam, M. C. Abdul Nazar

Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJEE/2017/36556

Aims: The purpose of this study is to investigate the key energy and environmental issues that Sri Lanka is to address under sustainable development agenda of the United Nations.

Study Design: This study reviewed relevant recent studies and reports published by government and non-governmental sources on the issues in relation to selected sustainable development goals on energy and environment namely Goal 07- access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all, Goal 13- combating climate change and its impacts, and Goal 15- protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Place and Duration of Study: The research was conducted in Sri Lanka during May to July 2017.

Methodology: This paper is qualitative in nature and was conducted as a desk review using available resources online.

Results: Issues relating to environment and energy are among the foremost important areas to be addressed for the realization of Sustainable Development Goals in Sri Lakethe. The UN’s Sustainable Development Goals relating to energy and environment on the other hand tend to have captured the key energy and environmental in issues that Sri Lanka is to concentrate.

Conclusion: Issues that Sri Lanka faces in environment and energy sectors can significantly be remedied when the country makes tangible progress on relevant SDGs. It is also noteworthy however that the strategies for achieving the sustainable development goals require integrated and holistic approach backed by bold policy, legal and institutional framework.