Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Environment &amp; Ecology (ISSN: 2456-690X)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJEE/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Environment and Ecology’. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> en-US (Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology) (Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology) Sat, 27 Aug 2022 08:42:08 +0000 OJS 60 Conservation Culturomics: Potential Applications in South Asia <p>Unsustainable human behavior has significantly contributed to the contemporary global biodiversity crisis. In order to mitigate this, it is crucial to study the underlying factors that have resulted in such behavior. Conservation culturomics is an emerging research method that uses digitally available data to gain insights on human-nature relationships at relevant spatial and temporal scales. This method also provides a cost-effective mechanism to inform people-centric conservation policy. Depending on the research question, the data collection and analysis can be tailored, taking advantage of recent advances in information technology. While it is most often applied to global studies, conservation culturomics can also be applied at a regional scale to gather vast volumes of data that represent context-specific human values towards nature. Examination of case studies from South Asia demonstrate the range of potential subjects that culturomics studies can examine, including marine megafauna (whales), avifauna (vultures), and habitats (wetlands). Conservation outcomes of culturomics research are broad, and can include: ecosystem services valuation to motivate habitat restoration, spatial and temporal variation in whale sightings to inform ecotourism guidelines and management, and public perceptions of vultures to inform awareness and outreach initiatives. The major impediments to conservation culturomics in regions such as South Asia are socio-economic biases among internet users and the need for sophisticated technological knowledge; however, with the increasing accessibility of the internet, this is set to change in the future.</p> Manya Muthanna Kotera, Andrea D. Phillott ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 23 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Toxicity Assessment for Aquatic Ecosystem, Soil and Crops in Tongi, Bangladesh <p>As Tongi is an industrial area, massive amounts of effluents generated by the industries end up in the river and soil of this region. These wastes contain an excessive amount of heavy metals, which is detrimental for both environment and living organisms. The concentration of metals, Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), and Lead (Pb) were studied for water, soil and vegetable samples in order to understand the current pollution scenario of Tongi industrial area, Bangladesh. In this research, studies were conducted on water and soil by using water quality parameters, geo-chemical index, contamination factor, and pollution load index. This research also investigated the daily metal intake by people consuming the vegetables grown from that contaminated soil. Experimental observations reveal that the water of those areas is polluted with the concentration of Cd (0.0542-0.1728) mgL<sup>-1</sup>, Pb (0.0421-0.245) mgL<sup>-1</sup> and Cr (1.0622-2.4357) mgL<sup>-1</sup>. However, the study also demonstrated that the soil of these areas is severely contaminated with Cd(4.42-100.564)mgkg<sup>-1</sup>, but moderately contaminated with Pb and Cr, and the rate of heavy metal intake is within the World Health Organization (WHO) standard among the consumers of vegetables grown in the local agricultural land. Cadmium concentration is observed to be higher in water and soil compared to the concentrations of lead and chromium, which might be due to the high cadmium containing industrial effluent discharge in the river. This study demonstrates the requirements for wastewater containing heavy metal discharge regulations into the river water, and it is also concluded that the assessment area is extremely contaminated with cadmium concentrations.</p> Aliching Marma, Farah Hasib Noor, Tasnim Afrin Tamanna, Kazi Shamima Akter ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 27 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Taxonomic Documentation and Statistical Analysis of Soil Mycoflora of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Maharashtra, India <p><strong>Aims: </strong>The present paper deals with documentation of diversity and analysis of ecological aspects of soil microfungal flora of Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP).</p> <p><strong>Study Design: </strong>The study area was divided into five zones, defined over span of three ranges and 10% peripheral area.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study: </strong>SGNP, Maharashtra, India between September 2016 and September 2020.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A total of 43 soil samples were collected from 5 zones. Microscopic and molecular methods were used for identification of species. We examine dissimilarity in species composition by pairwise Jaccard Dissimilarity Index. We examine diversity of microfungi using diversity indices of Gini-Simpson’s and Shannon’s, true diversity (Shannon’s effective number of species) and equitability of species with Pielou’s evenness index.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The study resulted in a total of 77 isolates of 77 soil fungi obtained from 43 soil samples. A total of 36 species were documented under 15 genera. <em>Aspergillus</em> was dominant genus with 16 species, whereas <em>Aspergillus niger</em> was dominant species representing maximum 12 isolates. Pairwise Jaccard Dissimilarity Index was found to be above 66% in all cases, with only one species common in all the zones. In diversity indices, Gini-Simpson’s was 0.9347, and Shannon’s, was 3.1450. Pielou’s evenness index was 0.8776, causing true diversity, calculated as effective number of species (23), to be less than observed species richness (36).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Thus, based on systematics and statistical analysis, it can be concluded that SGNP exhibits rich diversity of soil microfungi.</p> Rashmi Dubey, Amit Diwakar Pandey ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Barriers to Adapting Water Supply Management to Climate Change in Nzoia River Basin, Kenya <p>Water is projected to be the most affected by climate change. Many national and county governments are now developing adaptation policies and plans in response to climate change; however, many factors could stop, delay or divert these adaptation strategies if they are not adequately identified and addressed. Research on adaptation barriers is increasing as the need for climate change adaptation becomes evident, but studies regarding identification and classification of barriers into cartegories and establishing strategies for overcoming such barriers remain limited. This research identified barriers to adapting water supply management to climate change, classified them into cartegories and went ahead to establish strategies for overcoming such barriers in adapting water supply management to climate change in Nzoia River Basin. The study used a cross-sectional survey design and a qualitative technique since major sector players' perspectives are critical in deciding the path of climate change adaptation in the basin. Three counties were randomly selected from Nzoia River Basin for study with Busia representing the lower catchment, Kakamega middle catchment and Trans Nzoia upper catchment. The study was carried out from May, 2017 to September, 2017. Stakeholders were carefully selected and consisted of water and climate change expert decision makers, practitioners, managers, scientists, academia, technology adopters, etc.&nbsp; Stakeholders were chosen based on their work portfolios or by other respondents' recommendations. Data collection involved questionnaires, in-depth expert-interviews, brainstorming sessions, focus group discussions, field observations and literature review. This study identified and ranked in order of priority the barrier clusters/cartegories for adapting water supply management to climate change in Nzoia River Basin as: Institutional and governance; Resources and funding; Leadership; Politics; Adaptation options/process; Science; Understanding; Technology/structural; Expertise; Attitudes, values and motivations of actors; Communication; and&nbsp; Personality issues. Individual barriers are seen to be highly interconnected and interdependent, allowing for the discovery of leverage areas for actions to maximize barrier elimination. This study provides valuable information for the national and county governments as they strive to develop climate change adaptation policies and plans in the basin.</p> Ernest Othieno Odwori ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Water Quality Downstream of Cimanuk River, West Java <p>The Cimanuk River is one of the three major rivers in West Java, incidentally the second largest after the Citarum River which aims to analyze the physical and chemical qualities in the lower reaches of the Cimanuk River. The research was conducted for three months, which was carried out in the lower reaches of the Cimanuk River. Water sampling using the survey method. Sampling was carried out at three points by paying attention to community activities around the river waters. The parameters analyzed were temperature, Light Transparency, pH, TSS, TDS, DO, COD, Ammonia, Nitrate, Nitrite and Salinity Calculations following the quality standard rules of PP No. 22 of 2021, the water temperature at the three stations was 25°C. The value of light transparency ranges from 32 – 37 cm. The pH value at all three stations is neutral. The Salinity values at stations 1 and 2 are 0, and station 3 is 1.7. DO values at all three stations ranged from 7.0 – 9.6 mgL-1. COD values at all three stations ranged from 9.3 – 15 mgL-1. TDS values at all three stations range from 244 - 343 mgL-1. TSS values at all three stations ranged from 29 – 84 mgL-1. Ammonia values at all three stations ranged from 0.002 - 0.003 mgL-1. Nitrate values at all three stations ranged from 0.31 – 0.55 mgL-1. Then, the nitrite value at all three stations was 0.020 – 0.022 mgL-1. The results show that the parameters in the lower reaches of the Cimanuk River meet quality standards.</p> Ayi Yustiati, N. Hilda Agustin, Titin Herawati, Ibnu Bangkit ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 05 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000