Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology 2020-07-07T20:08:37+00:00 Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Environment &amp; Ecology (ISSN: 2456-690X)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJEE/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Environment and Ecology’. This journal facilitates the research and aims to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Medical Waste Generation during COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) Pandemic and Its Management: An Indian Perspective 2020-07-07T20:08:36+00:00 Manju Rawat Ranjan Ashutosh Tripathi Ganga Sharma <p>The generation of biomedical waste has increased many times after the SARS Cov2 commencement. The biomedical waste generated from COVID-19 Patients is very infectious and contaminated. Thus, it is a big challenge with all stakeholders to avoid spreading of COVID-19 through it. This requires monitoring the complete cycle to the grave to be monitored from the cradle, if the spreading needs to be controlled. The COVID-19 waste generation, collection, storage, transportation and disposal is a big challenge withall stakeholders including isolation wards, quarantine centres, sample collection centres, laboratories, urban local bodies, and the Common Bio-medical Waste Treatment Facility (CBWTF) respectively. As its a novel virus and WHO has instructed that proper guidelines need to be followed with regards to COVID-19biomedical waste generation and its safe disposal. The Government of India has separately developed the Guidelines for the handling of COVID-19 biomedical waste, which needs to be followed besides BiomedicalRules, 2016 so that Corona spread through this can be controlled. Owing to its novel origin and least information about its behaviour, thus it is extremely important to take all precautions possible till we get some medical treatment.</p> 2020-06-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effects of Microplastics on Agriculture: A Mini-review 2020-07-07T20:08:37+00:00 Kuok Ho Daniel Tang <p><strong></strong></p> <p>Microplastics have permeated most, if not all, ecosystems including the terrestrial ones. The presence of microplastics in soil poses concerns on plants and agriculture. Microplastics alter soil biophysical properties including bulk density, water holding capacity and soil microbial interactions with water stable aggregates. The effects of microplastics on soil and plants frequently depend on the types and sizes of microplastics. This mini review presents a concise illustration of the impacts of microplastics on plants and crops. From the review, microplastics alter soil biophysical and chemical characteristics either positively or negatively depending on their types, concentrations, sizes and shapes. It reveals the ability of microplastics to affect enzymatic activities of plants which could lead to genotoxicity and oxidative damage. It unveils endocytosis of microplastics by specific plant cells as well as the uptake of microplastics via root and their accumulation and transport in plants facilitated by transpiration. This review also shows microplastics reduce root growth and seed germination at least transiently while do not seem to alter chlorophyll content. Microplastics were found to not interfere with phytoremediation of metals by the common reeds<em>.</em> This review highlights the need of more studies to confirm the effects of microplastics on crops and plants as the existing studies in this area are limited.</p> 2020-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Assessment of Proximate Profile of Selected Fin and Shell Fish and Physicochemical Assessment of Water from Named Rivers in Ogoniland 2020-07-07T20:08:35+00:00 Adata A. Jumbo M. O. Wegwu D. C. Belonwu B. M. Onyegeme- Okerenta <p><strong>Aims</strong><strong>:</strong> This study investigated the physicochemical assessment of Rivers Kaa and Bodo in Ogoniland, as well as the proximate profile of selected fin and shell fish from these Rivers.</p> <p><strong>Study Design</strong><strong>:</strong> Random sampling.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study</strong><strong>:</strong> Kaa and Bodo communities of Ogoniland, between August and November 2014.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong><strong>:</strong> The physicochemical analysis; pH, temperature (T), biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), dissolved oxygen (DO), total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity (C), salinity (S) and total hydrocarbon content (THC), were done. The results were compared to FEPA and APHA permissible limits. Proximate composition was determined using Association of Official Analytical Chemist standard analytical methods.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>:</strong> Physicochemical analysis results showed that T (26.5±.010), (26.8±.006) and TSS (8.68±.006), (12.5±.006) for Kaa were lower than Bodo (sp≤0.05), S (7.20±.021), (8.40±.010) and THC (0.25±.015), (3.00±.040) were both lower for Kaa than Bodo, at (p≤0.05), BOD was higher for samples collected from Bodo than samples collected from Kaa (188±.234), (259±.690). The TDS and Conductivity were both higher for samples from Bodo than those from Kaa, while pH and DO were higher for samples collected from Kaa than samples collected from Bodo. The moisture content for all samples collected from Kaa (63.7±.289), (72.5±.488), (75.1±.973), (67.4±.455), were significantly lower at p≤0.05 than the moisture content for samples from Bodo (68.7±.514), (80.6±.476), (86.2±.790), (74.5±.514) indicating that the samples from Kaa are better sources of protein, lipid, and energy than samples from Bodo. The protein, lipid, crude fibre, ash and dry matter content of all samples from Kaa were significantly higher (p≤0.05) than those for samples from Bodo.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>:</strong> These findings suggest a contamination of the study sites particularly Bodo with petroleum products. Furthermore, it shows that the protein contents in all samples from Bodo were below the recommended standards, suggesting that the consumption of fishes from the study area particularly Bodo, is unhealthy.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Lineament Analysis and Inference of Geological Structures in Bansara-Boki Area, Southeastern Nigeria 2020-07-06T08:14:18+00:00 M. A. Agbebia N. Egesi <p>The purpose of this study is to extract lineaments from satellite images in order to contribute to the understanding of the structural geology of parts of Boki and its environs. Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) and Landsat 7 ETM images of path 187 and row 056 were used for the analysis which is processed for automated extraction, validated through ground-truthing of planar and linear geological features displaying altitude of about 233 for Bansara sheet 304. Lineament extraction processing was done using PCI Geomatica version 2016 for Landsat imagery and ArcGIS 10.5 used to generate Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and Slope Map for SRTM imagery. Statistically a total of 3191 count of highly dense lineament were generated ranging between 0.86 to 4.33 km in length with the mean of 1.22 and a standard deviation of 0.83 intersecting at low percentage of 3-6%. The DEM display a range of 1335 to -1335 m sloping in the range of 0-2.81 and 61.224-89.725 m for topographic analysis. The lineament extracted were trending majorly in NW/SE and other minor ones in NE/SW directions some which were agreement with the altitude of the ground-truth data. The variation is possibly as a result of influence from regional process such as deformation, metamorphism, magmatism and method of data acquisition and analysis. Lineament analysis are profound index parameters for engineering of dams, economic mineral and water resources exploration, exploitation, planning and development. It is also useful in geohazard studies and its mitigation as the areas are prone to rockfalls, rockslides, landslides, mudslides and flooding due to high rainfall and human activities at the foot of the highlands.</p> 2020-07-06T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##