Community Perceptions on Environmental Impact Assessments in the Construction of the Toll Road between Solo and New Yogyakarta International Airport, in Indonesia

P. S. Oetari

Department of Public Health, Dian Nuswantoro University Semarang, Indonesia.

S. Isworo *

Department of Environmental Health, Dian Nuswantoro University Semarang, Indonesia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background and Objective: The development of toll roads between Solo and New Yogyakarta International Airport of Indonesia is part of the government's endeavor to improve the accessibility, connectivity, and capacity of inter-regional transportation networks in order to considerably boost economic growth through increased regional links. The research will analyze at the socio-cultural circumstances, social conflict, public health, and community views and attitudes about toll road building.

Research Methods: This study employs a qualitative and quantitative technique, which involves in-depth interview observation processes. The data analysis comprises the identification, categorization, and interpretation of community opinions as perceived by 200 respondents from impacted communities. 

Results: The majority of respondents were male, 106 (53%), with the highest degree of education being senior high school a total of 118 respondents (59.50%).   The majority of their jobs were as private employees number 84 respondents (42%), with an average salary of Rp. 3,195,000. The surrounding community is religious, with 106 respondents (84%) actively engaged in Islamic studies in a mutually beneficial atmosphere, and 171 respondents (88.5%). Conflicts in society are always addressed pleasantly, according to 198 respondents (99%).

Theoretical and Practical Implications: The community does not oppose toll road building, according to 188 respondents (94%) since they feel it would serve regional interests.  Environmental impact analysis is carried out in a proportionate manner by incorporating the community through public engagement. Implementation of public consultation throughout ten time periods. The outcomes of public consultations are utilized to provide supporting and critical comments. 42 community figures were chosen as members of the Environmental effect Assessment technical team, which was in charge of overseeing the execution of environmental effect management and monitoring. Changes in public views and attitudes about toll road development must be regulated and monitored to ensure that the public impression of toll roads remains favorable throughout construction.  Recommendations: Project implementers are responsible for the impacts caused and comply with all detailed provisions in accordance with management and monitoring plan documents that have been approved by the Ministry of Environment.

Keywords: Community perceptions, public consultation, community involvement, solo-new yogyakarta international airport toll road, environmental impact assessment


How to Cite

Oetari , P. S., and S. Isworo. 2024. “Community Perceptions on Environmental Impact Assessments in the Construction of the Toll Road Between Solo and New Yogyakarta International Airport, in Indonesia”. Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology 23 (7):79-94. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajee/2024/v23i7565.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Andani IGA, Geurs K, La Paix Puello L. Effects of toll road construction on local road projects in Indonesia. Journal of Transport and Land Use. 2019;12(1):179–199.

Astutik HP, Dewanti D. The effect of toll gate type on the queue of vehicles in connecting roads: A case study of Bawen–Yogyakarta toll road. Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum. 2020;6(1):439957.

Bernessa RA, Latief Y. Safety cost component development of risk-based standardized work breakdown structure to determine safety cost on road construction project (Case study: At-grade road works). IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2021;1098(2): 22034.

Byrd R. Qualitative research methods. Virtual Class, Memphis. Recuperado Em. 2020;17.

Selman P. Community participation in the planning and management of cultural landscapes. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 2004;47(3): 365–392.

Setyawan LT, Adjie H. Reconstruction of land procurement policies and its compensation for interests of national strategic projects. International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology. 2021;6(3):437–442.

Shalihah F, Alviah S, Shob’ron IA. The wages in employment relations in the tourism sector in Yogyakarta in justice perspective. Substantive Justice International Journal of Law. 2023;6(2): 138–162.

Fathmawati F, Rauf S, Indraswari BW. Factors related with the incidence of acute respiratory infections in toddlers in Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Evidence from the Sleman Health and Demographic Surveillance System. Plos One. 2021; 16(9):e0257881.

Febriania AT, Utamia R, Dwandarua WSB. The effect of mutual cooperation values towards people’s lifestyle in the form of maps. Jurnal Civics: Media Kajian Kewarganegaraan. 2020;17(1):60–66.

Glaser P. Respondents cooperation: Demographic profile of survey respondents and its implication. Handbook of Survey Methodology for the Social Sciences. 2012;195–207.

Siregar MA, Utomo SW. Environmental impact assessment as a regulation and equator principles as an initiative. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2019;399(1): 12081.

Siswoyo M. The impact of toll roads development: Ecology of public administration perspective. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy. 2020;11(11):152–157.

Hasan MA, Nahiduzzaman KM, Aldosary AS. Public participation in EIA: A comparative study of the projects run by government and non-governmental organizations. Environmental Impact Assessment Review. 2018;72:12–24.

Susanto N. Public (Dis) engagement in toll road project: A case study from Indonesia. JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Administrasi Publik). 2019;23(1):77.

Susilowati F, Tyagita FCN, Jannah RM, Chrisnawati Y. (n.d.). Construction Project Risk at the Toll Road Construction Implementation Phase (Case Study: Solo–Jogja Toll Road Construction Project). Media Komunikasi Teknik Sipil. 29(1):132–140.

Isworo S, Oetari PS, Pramaningsih V. Public Participation in Environmental Impact Assessment for the Borobudur Temple Merchant and Parking Relocation Project; 2022.

Kamil M. Cultural tolerance, diversity and pluralism: The recognition of Yogyakarta as the city of tolerance. Journal of Local Government Issues. 2018;1(1):23.

Khalim A, Ghifarsyam HU, Rozy N, Ma’arif F. Scheduling design of Jakarta-Cikampek II elevated toll road project. Journal of Engineering and Applied Technology. 2020;1(2):186–P. 187.

Kurnianingsih M, Sartanto A, Sukirman AN. Settlement of compensation for land affected by the solo-yogyakarta toll road construction project at the Klaten district court. Urecol journal. Part H: Social, Art, and Humanities. 2022;2(1):1–10.

Moggridge BJ, Thompson RM. Cultural value of water and western water management: An Australian Indigenous perspective. Australasian Journal of Water Resources. 2021;25(1):4–14.

Ndiakha OV. Improving public participation and consultation in environmental impact assessment (Eia). University of Nairobi; 2017.

Ningsih DE, Frinaldi A, Rembrandt R. Analysis of Environmental Approval in Government Regulation No. 22 of 2021 on the Implementation of Environmental Protection and Management. CIVED. 2024;11(1):29–37.

Nursin A. Last Planner System (LPS) implementation on Jakarta-cikampek ii elevated toll road project. Applied Research on Civil Engineering and Environment. 2020;2(01):17–22.

Putri KNR, Marzuki PF. Model of land acquisition productivity performance for toll road projects in Indonesia. Civil and Environmental Science Journal (Civense). 2020;3(2):84–94.

Quick KS, Bryson JM. Public participation. In Handbook on theories of governance. Edward Elgar Publishing. 2022;158–168.

Rahmah AN, Ridha MR, Kamriani N. The impact of job creation act against the participatory principle in environmental law. International Journal of Law, Environment, and Natural Resources. 2021;1(1):22–28.

Rinaldi BM, Tan PY. Urban landscapes in high-density cities: Parks, streetscapes, ecosystems. Birkhäuser; 2019.

Rohman MA, Wiguna IPA. Evaluation of road design performance in delivering community project social benefits in Indonesian PPP. International Journal of Construction Management. 2021;21(11): 1130–1142.