Bioremediation of Some Reactive Dyes Commonly used in Fabric Re-dyeing by Chlorella vulgaris
Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology,
Aim: The work was aimed at assessing the potential of Chlorella vulgaris in remediation of reactive dyes.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Biological Sciences, Department of Plant Biology and Department of Biochemistry, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria, between January 2019 and December 2019.
Methodology: Wastewater containing individual reactive dyes: reactive red 198 (RR198), reactive yellow 176 (RY176), reactive green 19 (RG19), reactive orange 122 (RO122), reactive red 195 (RR195) and reactive violet 1 (RV1) were collected from a local fabric re-dyeing pit at Kofar Na’isa, Kano, Nigeria. The green microalga C. vulgaris was cultured in Bold Basal medium (BBM) at 30 ± 2°C and subjected to adsorption and decolourization assays of the dyes.
Results: The highest dye removal efficiency by enzymatic action was recorded after 48 hours, while that for the biomass adsorption was at day 14, at pH 11.3 and temperature of 30°C. The percentage dye removal by adsorption and decolourization were within the ranges of 68.1-97.8% and 69.8-99.9% respectively. Dye removal decreased with increase in contact time until saturation is attained. Freundlich’s isotherm model was best fitted for the adsorption of the dyes with a strong linear correlation coefficient, R2 ranging from 0.954-0.811. There was a strong linear relationship and high statistical significance among the dyes for both decolourization and adsorption (P value; .01).
Conclusion: Chlorella vulgaris was found to be effective in the removal of reactive dyes from textile wastewater samples. The results revealed C. vulgaris to be a cost-effective and eco-friendly biosorbent that can be used for the treatment of wastewaters containing toxic dyes.
- Chlorella vulgaris
- reactive dyes
How to Cite
Surana M, Mehta P, Pamecha K, Kabra BV. Treatment of water contaminated with reactive red 198 (RR198) by photo-fenton reagent. Der Chemica Sinica. 2011;2(2):177-186.
Ayele A, Getachew D, Kamaraj M, Suresh A. Phycoremediation of synthetic dyes: An effective and eco-friendly algal technology for the dye abatement. Journal of Chemistry. 2021;1-14.
Van der zee FP, Lettinga G, Field JA. Azo dye decolourisation by anaerobic granular sludge. Chemosphere. 2001;44(5):1169-1176.
Bellinger EG, Sigee DC. Freshwater algae: Identification and use as bioindicators. 1st edition, Wiley-blackwell. A John Wiley and Sons Ltd, Publication; 2010.
Palmer CM. Algae and water pollution: Identification, significance, and control of algae in water supplies and in polluted water. Castle house publications limited. 1980;1-119. (Printed in England by Tonbridge Printers Limited).
Andrade CJ, Andrade LM. An overview on the application of genus Chlorella in biotechnological Processes. J. Adv. Res. Biotech. 2017;2(1):1-9.
Rani K, Sandal N, Sahoo PK. A comprehensive review on Chlorella – Its composition, health benefits, market and regulatory Scenario. The Pharma. Inno. J. 2018;7(7):584-589.
Palmer CM. Algae in American sewage stabilization’s ponds. Rev. Microbiol. (S-Paulo). 1974;5:75-80.
Thakur M, Bajaal S, Rana S, Verma ML. Microalgal technology: A promising tool for wastewater remediation. In microbial technology for health and environment: Microorganisms for sustainability 22 (CH2). Arora PK (ed.). Springer Singaphore. 2020;25-56.
Wiley PE, Brenneman KJ, Jacobson AE. Improved algal harvesting using suspended air flotation. Water Environ. Res. 2009;81:702-708.
Udaiyappan M, Abu-Hassan AF, Takriff HMS, Sheikh Abdullah SR. A review of the potentials, challenges and current statue of microalgae biomass applications in industrial wastewater treatment. J. Water Process. Eng. 2017;20:8-21.
Pradhan SK, Singla R. Potential of Thallophyte in degradation of dyes in industrial effluents. In microbial technology for health and environment, microorganisms for sustainability 22 (CH13). Arora PK (ed.). Springer Singaphore. 2020;327-359.
Fazal T, Mushtaq A, Rehman F, Khana A, Rashid N, Farooq W, Saif-Ur-Rehman M, Xu J. Bioremediation of textile wastewater and successive biodiesel production using microalgae. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2018;82(P3):3107-3126.
Acuner E, Dilek FB. Treatment of Tectilon yellow 2G by Chlorella vulgaris. Process Biochemistry. 2004;39(5):623-631.
Chu WL, See YC, Phang SM. Use of immobilised Chlorella vulgaris for the removal of colour from textile dyes. J. Appl. Phycol. 2009;21(6):641-648.
Safi C, Zebib B, Merah O, Pontalier P, Vaca-Garcia C. Morphology, composition, production, processing and applications of Chlorella vulgaris: A review. Renew. Sust. Ener. Rev. 2014;35:265-278.
Venckus P, Kostkeviciene J, Bendikiene V. Green algae Chlorella vulgaris cultivation in municipal wastewater and biomass composition. J. Environ. Eng. Land Manag. 2017;25(1):56-63.
Subashini PS, Ragiv P. An investigation of textile wastewater treatment using Chlorella vulgaris. Orient J. Chem. 2018;34(5):2517-2524.
Habibzableh M, Chaibakhsha N, Naeemi AS. Optimized treatment of wastewater containing cytotoxic drugs by living and dead biomass of the freshwater Microalga, Chlorella vulgaris. Ecological Engineering Journal. 2018;111:85-93.
Chia MA, Lombardi AT, Maria da Graca GM, Parrish CC. Lipid composition of Chlorella vulgaris (Trebouxiophyceae) as a function of different cadmium and phosphate concentrations. Aquat. Toxicol. 2013;128:171-182.
Bauer JD, Bray WE, Ackermann PG, Toro G. Bray’s clinical laboratory methods. 7th Edition. The C.V. St. Louis Mosby Co.; 1968.
Özsoy HD, Ünyayar A, Mazmanci MA. Decolourisation of reactive textile dyes Drimarene blue X3LR and Remazol brilliant blue R by Funalia trogii ATCC 200800. Biodegradation. 2005;16(3):195-204.
Vikrant K, Giri BS, Raza N, Roy K, Kim K, Rai BN, et al. Recent advancements in bioremediation of dye: Current status and challenges. Bioresour. Technol. 2018;253:355-367.
Mahmoud MS, Mostafa MK, Mohamed SA, Sobhy NA, Nasr M. Bioremediation of red Azo dye from aqueous solutions by Aspergillus niger strain isolated from textile wastewater. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 2016;5(1):547-554.
El-Sheekh MM, Gharieb MM, Abou-El-Souod GW. Biodegradation of dyes by some green algae and Cyanobacteria. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 2009;63:699-704.
Cheriaa J, Bettaieb F, Denden I, Bakhrouf A. Characterization of new algae isolated from textile wastewater plant. J. Food Agric. Environ. 2009;7:700-704.
Ishchi T, Sibi G. Azo dye degradation by Chlorella vulgaris: Optimization and kinetics. Int. J. Biol. Chem. 2020;14(1):1-7.
El-Kassas HY, Sallam LA. Bioremediation of the textile waste effluent by Chlorella vulgaris. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research. 2014;40(3):301-308.
Pratiwi D, Prasetyo DJ, Poeloengasih CD. Adsorption of methylene blue dye using marine algae Ulva lactuca. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environ. Sci. 2019;251:012012.
Kumar M, Singh AK, Sikander M. Study of sorption and desorption of cadmium (II) from aqueous solution using isolated green algae Chlorella vulgaris. Appl. Water Sci. 2018;8:225.
Lim SL, Chu WL, Phang SM. Use of Chlorella vulgaris for bioremediation of textile wastewater. Bioresource Technol. 2010;101(19):7314-7322.
Gupta VK, Rastogi A, Saini VK, Jain N. Biosorption of copper (II) from aqueous solutions by Spirogyra Species. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2006;296:59-63.
Daneshvar N, Ayazloo M, Khataee AR, Pourhassan M. Biological decolorization of dye solution containing malachite green by microalgae Cosmarium sp. Bioresour. Technol. 2007;98:1176.
Pathak VV, Kothari R, Chopra AK, Singh DP. Experimental and kinetic studies for phycoremediation and dye removal by Chlorella pyrenoidosa from textile wastewater. J. Environ. Manag. 2015;163:270-277.
Seo YH, Park D, Oh YK, Yoon S, Han JI. Harvesting of microalgae cell using oxidized dye wastewater. Bioresour Technol. 2015;192:802-806.
Mohan SV, Roa CN, Prasad KK, Karthikeyan J. Treatment of simulated reactive yellow 22 (Azo) dye effluents using Spirogyra Species. Waste Manage. 2002;22:575-582.
Donmez G, Asku Z. Removal of chromium (VI) from saline wastewater by Dunaliella Species. Process Biochem. 2002;38:751-762.
Satiroglu N, Yalcinkaya Y, Denizli A, Arica MY, Bektas S, Genc O. Application of NaOH treated Polyporus versicolor for removal of divalent ions of group 11B elements from synthetic wastewater. Process Biochem. 2002;38:65-72.
Yan H, Pan G. Increase in biodegradation of dimethyl phthalate by Clostridium lunula using inorganic carbon. Chemosphere. 2004;55:1281-1285.
Aksu Z, Tezer S. Biosorption of reactive dyes on the green alga Chlorella vulgaris. Process Biochemistry. 2005;40(3-4):1347-1361.
Malik PK. Dye removal from wastewater using activated carbon developed from sawdust: Adsorption equilibrium and kinetics. J. Hazard. Mater.
Abel UA, Habor GR, Oseribho OI. Adsorption studies of oil spill clean-up using coconut coir activated carbon (CCAC). IOSR J. Appl. Chem. (IOSR-JAC). 2020;13(3-11):42-56.
Amin MT, Alazba AA, Shafiq M. Adsorptive removal of reactive black 5 from wastewater using bentonite clay: Isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics. sustainability. 2015;7(11):15302-15318.
Ayawei N, Ebeleji AN, Wankasi D. Modelling and interpretation of adsorption isotherms. J. Chem. 2017;1-11.
Abstract View: 80 times
PDF Download: 44 times