Assessment of Household Water Quality from Selected Storage Vessels used in a South-Western Rural Community, Nigeria
Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology,
Water is an important requirement for life but its contamination via natural and anthropogenic activities is of great concern. This study determined some physicochemical parameters of drinking water from the main source (borehole), and selected storage vessels in Abimbola, Ayedaade Local Government Area, Osun State, Nigeria. About 10 household water samples were collected randomly from the 70 households in the village. The major water storage vessels used by the villagers were clay pots. Only about one-fifth of the households used plastic containers. All the physico-chemical parameters assessed were within permissible limits of the World Health Organization and Standards Organization of Nigeria’s drinking water guidelines except for Lead and nitrite. Furthermore, water stored in clay pots had significantly higher levels of Nitrate (p=0.04), Nitrite (p=0.04), Sulphate (p=0.04), Lead (p=0.03), Iron (p=0.04), and Manganese (p=0.04) than those stored in plastic containers. Results suggest that the type of storage vessels used could influence the physicochemical quality of the water stored in them. Also, basic water quality monitoring needs to be conducted routinely to ascertain and maintain high quality water supply per time.
- Water quality
- rural community
- clay pots
- physicochemical parameters
How to Cite
Yaya S, Hudani A, Udenigwe O, Shah V, Ekholuenetale M, and Bishwajit G. Improving water, sanitation and hygiene practices, and housing quality to prevent diarrhea among under-five children in Nigeria. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease. 2018;3(2):41.
WHO and JMP, “Launch version July 12, 2017,” in Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. Update and SDG Baselines, WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data, Geneva, Switzerland; 2017.
WHO, water, sanitation and hygiene: Transforming the regional agenda towards equitable access to safe and sustainable services, world health organization, Copenhagen, Denmark; 2017.
Obeta MC. Rural water supply in Nigeria: Policy gaps and future directions. Water Policy. 2018;20(3):597–616.
Ali KA. Development of water supply infrastructure in Nigeria: Challenges and prospects. In: Nigerian Society of Engineers October Lectures; 2012.
(Accessed 9th may, 2021).
Ezenwaji EE, Eduputa BM, Okoye IO. Investigation into the residential water demand and supply in enugu metropolitan area. American Journal of Water Resources. 2016;4(1):22–29.
Adeleye B, Madayese S, Akelola O. Problems of water supply and sanitation. Federal University of Technology, Minna; 2014.
Olawade DB, Wada OZ, Afolalu TD, Oladipo TC, Asogbon O. Assessment of rural water supply in selected communities in Osun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resources. 2020;26(1):556177.
Wada O, Olawade D, Asogbon O, Makinde F, and Adebayo I. Evaluation of household water, sanitation, and hygiene management in a Nigerian rural community. International Journal of Tropical Disease and Health. 2021;42:21-33.
Adelana SMA, MacDonald AM. Groundwater research in Africa. In: Applied Ground Water Studies in Africa, IAH selected papers on Hydrogeology. Adelana SMA, MacDonald AM. (eds). CRC Press/Balkema, Leiden, The Netherlands.). 2008;13.
Gbadegesin N, Olorundemi T. Assessment of rural water supply management in selected rural areas in Oyo State, Nigeria. In: ATPS Working Paper. Series No. 49. African Technology Policy Study Network, Nairobi, Kenya; 2007.
Metwaky AM, Ibrahim NA, Saad A, Abu El-Ela MH. Improving the roles of rural women in health and environmental issues. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 2006;16(2):133–144.
Alexander A, Julius T, Andrew T, et al. Contamination potential of household water handling and storage practices in Kirundo subcounty, Kisoro district, Uganda; 2019.
Awuah E, Nyarko KB, Owusu PA, Osei-Bonsu K. Small town water quality. Desalination. 2009;248:453–459.
Packiyam R, Kananan S, Pachaiyappan S and Narayanan U. Effect of storage containers on coliforms in household drinking water. International journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 2016;5(1):461-477.
Blanchard JP. Rainwater harvesting storage methods and self supply in uganda. Rainwater harvesting storage methods and self supply in Uganda. Graduate Theses and Dissertations; 2012.
Douhri H, Raissouni I, Tazi S, Douhri B. Effect of house storage on waters quality in rural areas of Tangier-Tetuan region Morocco. Larhyss Journal. 2015;24:301-314.
Duru M, Amadi C, Amadi B, Nsofor C, and Humphrey N. Effect of different Storage vessel on water quality. Global Research Journal of science. 2013; 2:9-13.
Parker AH, Youlten R, Dillon N, Nussbaumer T, Carter R, Tyrrel S, Webster J. An assessment of microbiological water quality of six water source categories in north-east Uganda. Journal of water and health. 2010;8:550-60.
Amenu K, Spengler M, Markemann A, Zárate AV. Microbial quality of water in rural households of Ethiopia: implications for milk safety and public health. Journal of Health Population and Nutrition. 2014;32(2):190–197.
Schriewer A, Odagiri M, Wuertz S, Misra P, Panigrahi P, Clasen T, Jenkin M. Human and animal fecal contamination of community water sources, stored drinking water and hands in rural india measured with validated microbial source tracking assays. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. 2015; 93.
Jayachandran P, Thangavelu K. Comparative study of traditional and modern drinking water storage system. International Journal of Life Sciences. 2018;6(1):253-259. ISSN:2320-7817(p) | 2320-964X(o). UGC Approved Journal No 48951
Jenny LC, Henry TL, Laura SB, Daniel AD, Caterina Y, Jennifer YC, Xiaoyun Y, Antonia MC, Karin BM. Use of polycarbonate bottles and urinary bisphenol a concentrations. Environmental Health Perspectives; 2009.
Abdullahi AS, Ahmad D, Amin MSM, Umara BG. Water storage and use methods in rural communities of Bauchi State, Nigeria; 2000.
Tahera A, Fatema TJ, Fahmida A, Tridib RC, Sabuj KM, Digbijoy D, Milan KB, Md I, Mahfuzar R. Water quality index for measuring drinking water quality in rural bangladesh: A cross sectional study. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition. 2016;35(4): 1-12.
Simonne Rufener, Daniel Mäusezahl, Hans-Joachim Mosler, Rolf Weingartner. Quality of drinking-water at source and point-of-consumption—drinking cup as a high potential recontamination risk: A field study in Bolivia. Journal of health, population, and nutrition. 2010;28(1):34–41.
Osun State Ministry of Land and Physical Planning and Urban Development. Osun State Secretariat Osogbo, Osun State; 2012.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID), Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases (DFWED). Safe water system; 2012.
Accessed 27th may, 2021.
Mustafa AI, Ibrahim AA, Haruna YI. Physicochemical and bacteriological analyses of drinking water from wash boreholes in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State, Nigeria. African Journal and Food Science. 2013;7(1):9-13.
Bamidele BJ, Adedayo FE, Adedapo FO. Physicochemical analysis of the coastal waters of Ondo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry. 2016;3(11):13–20.
Rogbesan AA, Eniola KIT, Olayemi AB. Bacteriological Examination of some Boreholes within University of Ilorin (PS). Niger. Journal of Pure and Applied Science. 2002;17:1223–1226.
Eseigbe AP, Ibhadode O, Ayoola AR, Sosanolu OM. Experimental Determination of Drinking Water Quality in Abeokuta Metropolis, South-Western Nigeria. International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering. 2018;4:241-256.
Adekunle LV, Sridhar MKC, Ajayi AA, Oluwade PA, Olawuyi JF. Assessment of the health and socio-economic implication of sachet water in Ibadan, Nigeria. Africa Journal of Biomedical Resources. 2004;7(1):5-8.
Sojobi AO, Owamah HI, Dahunsi SO. Comparative study of household water treatment in a rural community in Kwara state, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Technology (NIJOTECH). 2014;33(1):134-140.
Wada O, Olawade D, Afolalu T, Maihankali C, and Olojo A. Dependence of rural communities on unsafe water sources -case study of Tinda Village, Northeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change. 2021;11:76-87.
Guidance to Health and Water Professionals (GHWP). Drinking water safety. The Drinking Water Inspectorate, 55 Whitehall London; 2009.
Abeni B, Oladapo TO, Vincent NC. Assessment of water quality of rivers that serve as water sources for drinking and domestic functions in rural and pre-urban communities in Edo North, Nigeria. Environ Monit Assess. 2018;190(387):1-12.
Temitope OS, Sherifat OA, Olubunmi AO, John OO. Drinking water quality and human health risk evaluations in rural and urban areas of Ibeju-Lekki and Epe local government areas, Lagos, Nigeria, Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal. 2020;26(4):1062-1075.
Sharma S, Bhattacharya A. Drinking water contamination and treatment techniques. Applied Water Science. 2017;7:1043–1067.
Nath KJ, Bloomfield SF, Jones M. Household water storage, handling and point of-use treatment. A review commissioned by IFH; 2006.
Badmus BS, Ozebo VC, Idowu OA, Ganiyu S. Physico-chemical properties of soil samples and dumpsite environmental impact on groundwater quality in South Western Nigeria. The African review of physics. 2014;9:103–114.
Popoola LT, Yusuff SA, Aderibigbe TA. Assessment of natural groundwater physico‑chemical properties in major industrial and residential locations of Lagos metropolis. Applied Water Science. 2019;9(191).
Ojekunle ZO, Adeyemi AA, Taiwo AM, Ganiyu SA, Balogun MA. Assessment of physicochemical characteristics of groundwater within selected industrial areas in Ogun State, Nigeria. Environmental Pollutants and Bioavailability. 2020;32(1):100-113.
Ifabiyi IP. Depth of hand dug wells and water chemistry: Example from Ibadan Northeast local government area (LGA), Oyo-State, Nigeria. Journal of Social sciences. 2008;17(3): 261-266.
Abstract View: 107 times
PDF Download: 25 times