Main Article Content
Aim: This research investigated the utilization of livestock manure as nutrient source in maize farming.
Place and Duration: The field experiment was carried out at the research field of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Lagos State Field Office, Nigeria during the late planting season (July/August) of 2019.
Methodology: An experimental field research was conducted to compare the variation in the vegetative parameters and yields of maize grown with different livestock wastes. The experiment consisted of six treatments, cattle, pig, poultry, sheep manures, NPK and control experiment set-up in a Randomized Complete Block Design with four replicates. The following data were recorded during the experiment: plant height, number of leaves, number of days to first tasselling and silking, number of cob, cob length, effective cob length, cob diameter, cob weight, ear weight, 100 grain weight, grain yield and shelling percentage. Data recorded were exposed to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and the means were separated with Duncan Multiple Range Test.
Results: The plant height and number of leaves recorded at 9 Weeks After Planting were 215.53, 217.57, 219.69, 188.85, 219.19, 182.76 and 13.60, 13.40, 13.8, 12.4, 13.8, 12.2 cm for cattle, pig, poultry, sheep, NPK and control respectively while the yield were 3193.00, 3055.20, 3513.00, 2855.00, 3791.00 and 1523.80 kg/ha for cattle, pig, poultry, sheep, NPK and control respectively.
Conclusion: Considering the yields recorded, it has shown that cattle, pig, poultry and sheep manures are suitable for sustainable maize growth and is a means of livestock waste management.
EPA, Animal waste – What is the problem? 2015. Available:http://www.epa.gov/region9/animalwaste/problem.html
FAOSTAT. Live Animals. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy; 2020. Available:www.fao.org Accessed on 29/08/2020).
Catelo A, Moises AD, Elpidio A. Living with livestock: Dealing with pig waste in the Philippines. Summary of EEPSEA Research Report; 2001.
Steeg JV, Tibbo M. Livestock and climate change in the near east region. Measures to adapt to and mitigate climate change. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Regional Office for the Near East, Cairo; 2012.
McMichael AJ, Powles JW, Butler CD, Uauy R. Food, livestock production, energy, climate change and health. The Lancet. 2007;370(9594):1253–1263.
Shah STH, Zamir MSI, Waseem M, Ali A, Tahir M, Khalid WB. Growth and Yield Response of Maize (Zea mays L.) to organic and inorganic sources of Nitrogen. Pak. J. life soc. Sci. 2009;7(2):108-111.
Ogunkunle O, Ahmed NA, Olatunji KO. Biogas Yields Variance from Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Cow Dung with Jathropha Cake under Mesophilic Temprature. J. Phys: Conf. Ser: 2019;1378 032060.
Materechera SA, Mkhabela TS. The effectiveness of lime, chicken manure and leaf litter ash in ameliorating acidity in a soil previously under black wattle (Acacia mearnsii) plantation. Biores. Tech. 2002;85:9-16.
Bell DD. Waste Management. In: Chicken meat and egg production, 5th edition (Bell DD, Weaver Jr, WD, Eds). Kluwer Academic publisher. Massachusetts; 2002.
Sloan DR, Kidder G, Jacobs RD. Poultry manure as a fertilizer. University of Florida, USA; 2008.
Mokwunye U. Meeting the phosphorus Needs of the soils and crops of West Africa: The Role of Indigenous Phosphate rocks. Paper presented on Balanced Nutrition Management systems for the Moist Savanna and Humid Forest Zones of Africa at a symposium organized by IITA at Ku Leuva at Cotonun, Benin Republic; 2000.
Zhou C, Liu Z, Huang ZL, Dong M, Yu XL, Ning P. A new strategy for co-composting dairy manure with rice straw: Addition of different inocula at three stages of composting. Waste Management. 2015;40: 38-43.
Lu H, Lashari MS, Liu X, Ji H, Li L, Zheng J, Pan G. Changes in soil microbial community structure and enzyme activity with amendment of biochar-manure compost and pyroligneous solution in a saline soil from Central China. European Journal of Soil Biology. 2015;70:67-76.
Adelekan BA, Oluwatoyinbo FI, Bamgboye AI. Comparative effects of undigested and anaerobically digested poultry manure on the growth and yield of maize (Zea mays, L). African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2010;4(2):100-107.
Mintah P, Frimpong-Anin KOJ, Annor B. Exploiting organic waste and inorganic fertilizer for sustainable production of plantain (Musa spp.) in Ghana. Journal of Global Agriculture and Ecology. 2017;7(2): 82-90.
McCann JC. Maize and Grace: Africa’s encounter with a New World Crop, 1,500-2,000. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachsetts and London, England; 2005.
Iken JE, Amusa NA. Maize research and production in Nigeria. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 2004;3(6):302–307.
Philip D. Evaluation of social gains from maize research in the Northern guinea savannah of Nigeria. In: Impacts, challenges and prospects of maize research and development in West and Central Africa proceedings of a regional maize workshop, IITA-Cotonou, Benin Republic; 2001.
Lagos. About Lagos, Lagos State Government; 2018. Available:http//:www.lagosstate.gov.ng. (Accessed on 23/11/2019).
Egene EA. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer on the growth, development and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus l. Moench) in Kogi state. B. Agric project submitted to the Department of Crop Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba. 2011;37.
Abou El-Maged, MM, Hoda AM, Fawzy ZF. Relationship, growth and yield of Broccoli with increasing N, P, K, ratio in a mixture of NPK fertilizers. Annuals of Agricultural Science. 2005;43(20):791–805.
Uba CU, Agbo CU, Chukwudi UP, Efusie AA, Muojiama SO. Field evaluation of yield and yield component traits of breeding lines of maize over two seasons’ in Derived Savannah Agro-Ecology. Not Sci Biol. 2018;10(4):567-574.
Onwudiwe N, Ogbonna P. Effect of Solid Waste and NPK on Growth and Yield of Maize. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany; 2014.
Uyovbisere EO, Elemo KA. Effect of inorganic fertilizer and foliage Azadriachta and Parkia species on the productivity of early maize. Nigeria Journal of soil Research. 2000;1:17-22.
Ukonze JA, Akor NO, Ndubuaku UM. Comparative analysis of three different spacing and the performance and yield of late maize Etche local government area of Rivers state, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016;11(13):1187-1193.
Thorat, NH, Dhonde, AS, Shelar, DN, and Mohite, A.B. Response of different sweet corn (zea mays saccharata sturt) hybrids to various fertilizer levels in Kharif season. Eco. Env. & Cons. 2016;22(1):313-317.
Agbede TM, Ojeniyi SO, Adeyemo AJ. Effect of poultry manure on soil physical and chemical properties, growth and grain yield of Sorghum in South West Nigeria. Am. Eurasian J. Sustain. Agric. 2008;2(1): 72-77.
Hamma IL, Ibrahim U, Haruna M. Effect of poultry manure on the growth and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativum L.) in Samaru, Zaria. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2012; 8(1):94-98.
Adeniyan ON, Ojeniyi SO. Effect of poultry manure, NPK 15-15-15 and combination of their reduced levels on maize growth and soil chemical properties. Nig. J. Soil Sci. 2005;15:34-41.
Ndaeyo NU, Ukpong ES, John NM. Performances of okra as affected by organic and inorganic fertilizers on an utisol. Proceedings of the 39th Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria. 2005;206-209.
Adenawoola AR, Adejoro SA. Residual effects of poultry manure and NPK Fertilizer residues on soil nutrient and performance of Jute (Corchorus olitorius L.). Nig. J. Soil Sci. 2005;15:133-135.
Moral R, Moreno-Caselles J, Perez MN, Espinosa P, Pardes C, Sosa F. Influence of fresh and composted slurry fraction of swine slurry on the yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 2005; 36(416):517-524.
Smith MAK, Ayenigbara EA (2001). Comparative growth and nutrient composition of Indian spinach in an enriched humid tropical environment. African Crop Science Conference. Proceedings. 2001;5:1007-1013.
Ayoola OT, Adeniyan ON. Influence of poultry manure and NPK fertilizer on yield and yield components of crops under different cropping systems in south west Nigeria. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 2006;5(15): 1386-1392.
Oyewole CI, Oyewole AN. Crop production and the livestock industry, the interplay: A case study of poultry manure and crop production. Proceeding of the 16th Annual Conference of ASAN. 2011;124-127.
Malaiya S, Tripathi RS, Shrivastava GK. Effect of variety, sowing time and integrated nutrient management on growth, yield attributes and yield of summer maize. Annals Agri. Res. 2004;25:155-158.
Garg S, Bahla GS. Phosphorus availability to maize as influenced by organic manures and fertilizer P associated phosphatase activity in soils. Bioresource Technology. 2008;99(13):5773-5777.
Amanullah K and Khalid S. Integrated use of phosphorous, animal manures and bio-fertilizer to improve maize production under semiarid condition. Organic Fertilizer – From Basic to Applied Outcomes. Intech Open; 2016. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/62388
Hai HT, Tuyet NTA. Benefits of the 3R approach for agricultural waste management (AWM) in Vietnam. Under the Framework of joint Project on Asia Resource Circulation Policy Research Working Paper Series. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies supported by the Ministry of Environment, Japan; 2010.
World Bank. World Bank collection of development indicators. Nigeria maize yield; 2011. Available:www.tradingeconomics.com. (Accessed 09/08/2018).
IITA. In: Research to nourish Africa. Maize Overview. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria; 2006. Available:www.iitaresearch.org
Ayoola OT, Makinde EA. Complementary organic and inorganic fertilizer application: influence on growth and yield of cassava/maize/melon intercrop with a relayed cowpea. Aust. J. Basic .& Appld. Sci. 2007;1(3):187-192.
Tejada M, Hernandez MT, Garcia C. Soil restoration using composted plant residues: Effects on soil properties. Soil Tillage Res. 2009;102(1):109-117.