The Challenges and Management Strategies of Non-Timber Forest Products for Sustainability in Nguti Sub Division, South West Region, Cameroon

Main Article Content

Ngambong Ngwafu Tita Blandine
Robert Njilla Mengnjo Ngalim
Nfor Frederick

Abstract

Nguti is one of the three Sub-divisions in Kupe Muanenguba Division of the South West Region of Cameroon. This Sub-division is endowed with great potentials and diversity in Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) resulting from the eco-floristic composition within the sub-division. The objective of this study is to investigate the challenges that are plaguing the exploitation of NTFPs and present management options for sustainability. Secondary data were collected from published and unpublished sources whereas primary data tools included questionnaires, interviews and participant observations. Findings showed that Nguti Sub-division has endowed with enormous forest entities and rich in several NTFPs ranging from nuts, seeds, barks, leaves, trees and roots as well as several species of bush meat. Five major challenges viz. transformation and storage, government policies and customary regulations, depletion and scarcity of resources, deforestation and poaching as well as population pressure and agricultural activities were observe which attributed in reducing quantity and quality of these resources. For sustainable harvesting and management of these resources, cottage industry must be developed and promoted along with cultivation or domestication of these NTFPs, market chain should be monitored and certain government policies should be framed to regularize harvest and methods of extraction. Controlling of deforestation, poaching, agricultural activities and generating new alternative sources of income will certainly reduce the pressure meted on the available resources in the forest.

Keywords:
Non-timber forest products, challenges, management strategies, sustainability, Nguti sub-division, Cameroon.

Article Details

How to Cite
Blandine, N. N. T., Ngalim, R. N. M., & Frederick, N. (2020). The Challenges and Management Strategies of Non-Timber Forest Products for Sustainability in Nguti Sub Division, South West Region, Cameroon. Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, 13(4), 15-30. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajee/2020/v13i430187
Section
Original Research Article

References

FAO. Global forest resource assessment 2000: Main Report. UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy; 2000.

Appiah DO. Personifying sustainable rural livelihoods in forest fringe communities in Ghana: a historic rhetoric? Journal of Food and Agriculture. 2009;7(3&4):873-877.

Pandy AK, Tripathi YC, Kumar A. Non timber forest products (NTFPs) for sustained livelihood: Challenges and strategies. Research Journal of Forestry. 2016; 10:1-7.

Endamana A, Ojea E, Loureiro ML, Allo M, Barrio M. Ecosystem services and REDD: estimating the benefits of non-carbon services in worldwide forests. World Development. 2016;78:246-261.

Shackleton CM, Shackleton SE, Buiten E, Bird N. The importance of dry woodlands and forests in rural livelihoods and poverty alleviation in South Africa. Forest Pol Econ. 2007;9(5):558-577.

FAO. Safe food and Nutritious Diet for the consumer. World Food Summit Five Years Later. Rome, Italy; 2002.

FAO. State of the World’s Forest 2012. FAO, Rome; 2012. Available: http://www.fao.org/3/a-3010e.pdf Accessed July 2018

World Resources Institute. The World Bank in the forest sector: A global policy paper. Wasteland News. 1990;8(2):6-12.

Jimoh SO, Amusa TO, Azeez IO. Population distribution and threats to sustainable management of selected non timber forest products in tropical lowland rainforests of Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Forest Resources. 2013; 24(1):75-82.

Awono A, Eba’aAtyi R, Foundjem-Tita D, Levang P. Livelihoods, NTFPs, national income, empowerment, Cameroon. International Forestry Review. 2016;18(1): 66-77.

Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary Annual Report; 2017.

Ngalim OY. Revenue components and conflicts in the use of natural resources in the peripheral zone Northeast of Korup National Park. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Department of Forestry, the University of Dschang, Cameroon. 2011;93.

World Bank. A revised forest strategy for the World Bank Group. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank; 2002.

Agrawal A, Cashore B, Hardin R, Shepherd G, Benson C, Miller D. Economic contributions of forests. Background paper prepared for the United Nations Forum on Forests; 2013.

Brummit N, Bachman S. Plants under pressure a global assessment: The first report of the IUCN sampled red list index for plants. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; 2010.

National Geospatial Intelligence Agency; 2005.

Wijma Timber Saw Company. Annual Report of Activities of the Wijma Timber Saw Mill, Nguti Sub-division, South west Region of Cameroon; 2011.

Nguti Council Annual Progress Report; 2009.

MINFOF GIS Database. Yaounde: MINFOF; 2009.

Tieguhong JC, Ndoye O. Transforming subsistence products to propellers of sustainable rural development: Non-timber forest products (NTFPs). Production and Trade in Cameroon; 2006.

MINFOF. Law No 94/01 of January 1994, on forestry, wildlife and fisheries regulations. Yaounde: MINFOF; 1994.

Mgbe ST. The socio-economic impact of the Takamanda Forest Reserve on the adjacent forest communities. Unpublished long-essay, Department of Geography, ENS Annex Bambili, University of Yaounde I; 2008.

Van Dijk JFW. Non-Timber Forest Products in the Bipindi-Akom II Region, Cameroon. Tropenbos-Cameroon Series 1, Wageningen; 1999. ISBN 90-5113-038-4.