A Study of Tourism Development Influence on QoL – Perceptions of Alishan Indigenous Tribes in Taiwan

Main Article Content

Hsiao-Ming Chang
Chiu-Hui Hung
Yen-Chen Huang Huang


The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of indigenous people’s perceived the quality of life (QoL) on the tribe in the process of tourism development. In the survey, 8 tribes in Alishan were selected as the research objects, and a total of 827 valid questionnaires were collected through random sampling based on the proportion of each tribe's households. After statistical analysis, the findings of this study are as follows: 1. In terms of the influence on QoL, indigenous people’s perceived higher are "I am proud of our tribe". 2. Different demographic variables have an influence on the perceived QoL of indigenous peoples. 3. Those whose family work has nothing to do with the tourism industry have a higher perception of the influence on the QoL. Based on the above findings, this study not only gives suggestions to indigenous tribes and tourism sectors of the government, but also puts forward specific research reference directions for future tribal tourism researchers.

Quality of Life (QoL), tourism development, indigenous tourism, tribe, Alishan.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chang, H.-M., Hung, C.-H., & Huang, Y.-C. H. (2020). A Study of Tourism Development Influence on QoL – Perceptions of Alishan Indigenous Tribes in Taiwan. Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, 13(3), 9-18. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajee/2020/v13i330182
Original Research Article


Tang-Sijia. The construction of quality of life indicators and the measurement of comprehensive quality of life index. Ph.D. Thesis, Mingchuan University; 2014.

Andereck K, Valentine LKM, Vogt CA, Knopf RC. A cross-cultural analysis of tourism and QOL perceptions, Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 2007;15(5):483-502.

Andereck KL, Nyaupane GP. Exploring the nature of tourism and QOL perceptions among residents. Journal of Travel Research. 2010;50(3):248-260.

Andereck KL, Nyaupane GP. Development of a tourism and quality-of-life instrument. In M. Budruk, R. Phillips (Eds.), Quality-of-Life community indicators for Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management. 2011;43:95-113.

Uysal M, Sirgy M, Woo J, Kim EH. Quality of life (QOL) and well-being research in tourism. Tourism Management. 2016;53: 244-261.

McGillivray M. Human Well-Being, Concept and Measurement. New York: Palgrave MacMillan; 2007.

Sirgy MJ, Lee D, Miller C, Littlefield J. The impact of globalization on a country’s QOL: Towards and integrated model. Social Indicators Research. 2004;68(3):251-298.

Sirgy MJ, Cornwell T. Further validation of the Sirgy et al.’s measure of community QOL. Social Indicators Research. 2001; 56(2):125-143. Available:https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012254826324

Sirgy MJ, Rahtz D, Cicic RM, Underwood R. A method for assessing residents’ satisfaction with community-based services: A quality-of-life, perspective. Social Indicators Research. 2000;49(3): 279-316.

Parkins J, Stedman R, Varghese J. Moving towards local-level indicators of sustainability in forest-based communities: A mixed methods approach. Social Indicators Research. 2001;56:43-72.

Cascante DM. Consequences of tourism-based growth on rural communities’ QOL: A comparative study of Liberia and La Fortuna, Costa Rica. Ph.D. Thesis, Pennsylvania State University; 2008.

Andereck KL, Vogt CA. The relationship between residents’ attitudes toward tourism and tourism development options, Journal of Travel Research. 2000;39(1):27-36.

Lankford SV, Howard DR. Developing a tourism impact attitude scale. Annals of Tourism Research. 1994;21(1):121-139.

Haralambopoulos N, Pizam A. Perceived impacts of tourism-The case of Samos. Annals of Tourism. 1996;23(3):503-526.

Usher L, Kerstetter ED. Residents’ perceptions of QOL in a surf tourism destination: A case study of Las Salinas, Nicaragua. Progress in Development Studies. 2014;14(4):321-333.

Látková P, Vogt CA. Residents’ attitudes toward existing and future tourism development in rural communities. Journal of Travel Research. 2012;51(1):50–67.

Whitney-Squire K. Sustaining local language relationships through indigenous community-based tourism initiatives. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 2016;24:8-9,1156-1176.

Carr A, Lisa Ruhanen, Michelle Whitford M. Indigenous peoples and tourism: The challenges and opportunities for sustainable tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 2016;24:8-9,1067-1079.

Huang HC, Liu CH, Chang HM. Does tourism development bring positive benefit to indigenous tribe? Case by Dongpu in Taiwan. Advances in Research. 2015;4(4): 235-246.

Sharma B, Gursoy D. An examination of changes in residents’ perceptions of tourism impacts over time: The Impact of Residents’ Socio-demographic Characteristics. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research. 2015;20(12):1332–1352.

Lawton LJ. Resident perceptions of tourist attractions on the Gold Coast of Australia. Journal of Travel Research. 2005;44(2): 188-200.