Industrialisation Scenario at Sreepur of Gazipur, Bangladesh and Physico-chemical Properties of Wastewater Discharged from Industries
Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology,
This study was conducted to explore the present trend and pattern of industrial growth with spatial distribution of industries and seasonal extent of physicochemical characteristics of wastewater at Sreepur of Gazipur, Bangladesh. The wastewater samples were collected from 5 locations in three seasons viz. pre-monsoon, monsoon and dry season. A total of 120 medium to large industries were surveyed, among those 52 were in red category, 53 were in orange-B category, 13 were in orange-A and only 2 were in green category. In 1995, there were only three industries, which gradually increased to a total of 29 in 2005. Among them, 11 were in red category and 18 were in orange-B category. But from 2006-2010, a total 59 industries were developed and most of them were in red and orange-B categories. Similarly, during the period of 2011 to March 2013, a total 16 industries were developed, among them 8 industries were in red and 3 were in orange-B category. Major types of wastewater discharging industries were textile, dyeing, washing and printing. Among the surveyed industries about 33% didn’t have any effluent treatment plant (ETP). The mean value of pH, EC, DO, BOD, COD and TDS of wastewater were 7.28, 2.64, 1.62 mg L-1, 82.0 mg L-1, 217.31 mg L-1 and 1380 mg L-1, respectively during pre-monsoon; 6.7, 1.15, trace, 8.0 mg L-1, 152.4 mg L-1 and 539.58 mg L-1, respectively during monsoon and 7.7, 1.82, 0.74 mg L-1, 48.8 mg L-1, 204.8 mg L-1 and 993.6 mg L-1, respectively during dry season. Average DO concentrations in all seasons and sites were significantly low, while BOD and COD contents were higher in pre-monsoon and dry seasons than the DoE permissible limit. The study concluded that the area is now a hub of polluting industries which are mostly liable to pollute the surrounding environment.
- spatial distribution
How to Cite
Yesmeen R, Zakir HM, Alam MS, Mallick S. Heavy metal and major ionic contamination level in effluents, surface and groundwater of an urban industrialised city: A case study of Rangpur city, Bangladesh. Asian J Chem Sci. 2018;5(1):1-16.
Zakir HM, Islam MM, Hossain MS. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on irrigation water quality of a canal- a case study of Tongi canal, Bangladesh. Adv Environ Res. 2016;5(2):109-123.
Hossain MA, Zakir HM, Kumar D, Alam MS. Quality and metallic pollution level in surface waters of an urban industrialized city: A case study of Chittagong city, Bangladesh. J Ind Safety Engg. 2017;4(2): 9-18.
Zakir HM, Islam MM, Arafat MY, Sharmin S. Hydrogeochemistry and quality assessment of waters of an open coal mine area in a developing country: A case study from Barapukuria, Bangladesh. Int J Geosci Res. 2013;1(1):20-44.
Hossain MS, Zakir HM, Rahman MS, Islam MM. Toxic metallic contamination in wastewater of some industrial areas of Mymensingh town, Bangladesh. Adv Archit City Environ. 2015;1(3):7-13.
Aysha MIJ, Zakir HM, Haque R, Quadir QF, Choudhury TR, Quraishi SB, Mollah MZI. Health risk assessment for population via consumption of vegetables grown in soils artifcially contaminated with arsenic. Arch Cur Res Int. 2017;10(3):1-12.
Haque R, Zakir HM, Aysha MIJ, Supti Mallick, Rahman MS. Heavy metal uptake pattern and potential human health risk through consumption of tomato grown in industrial contaminated soils. Asian J Adv Agril Res. 2018;5(4):1-11.
Zakir HM, Aysha MIJ, Mallick S, Sharmin S, Quadir QF, Hossain MA. Heavy metals and major nutrients accumulation pattern in spinach grown in farm and industrial contaminated soils and health risk assessment. Arch Agric Environ Sci. 2018;3(1):95-102.
Zakir HM, Sumi SA, Sharmin S, Mohiuddin KM, Kaysar S. Heavy metal contamination in surface soils of some industrial areas of Gazipur, Bangladesh. J Chem Bio Phy Sci. 2015;5(2):2191-2206.
NWPB (The National Web Portal of Bangladesh). District list. Gazipur district. The People’s Republic of Bangladesh; 2019.
DoE & LGED (Department of Environment & Local Government Engineering Department). Limited environmental & social impact assessment and environmental & social management framework. Bangladesh: Dhaka Environment and Water Project. Main Text. 2010;1:1-92.
Sheikh RA. Sreepurer Itihas O Kristhi (in Bengali) (History and Culture of Sreepur), Prokash Printing and Packaging 33/1 Sonargaon road, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 1993.
APHA (American Public Health Association). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, WEF and AWWA, 20th Edition, USA; 1998.
ECR (The Environment Conservation Rules). Ministry of Environment and Forest. Govt. of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 1997;179-226.
DoE (Department of Environment). Monitoring and Enforcement Division, DoE, Govt. of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Personal Communication with Director; 2013.
Ramesh BB, Parande AK, Raghu S, Prem Kumar T. Cotton textile processing: Waste generation and effluent treatment. The J Cotton Sci. 2007;11:141-153.
Haque MR. Effect of industrial effluent on the mangrove ecosystem of the Sundarbans. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Chemistry, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 2004.
Islam MM, Mahmud K, Faruk O, Billah MS. Textile dyeing industries in Bangladesh for sustainable development. Int J Environ Sci Develop. 2011;2(6):428-436.
Moniruzzaman M, Elahi SF, Jahangir MAA. Study on temporal variation of physico-chemical parameters of Buriganga river water through GIS (Geographical Information System) Technology. Bangladesh J Sci Ind Res. 2009;44(3):327-334.
Brady NC, Weil RR. The nature and properties of soils. 12th Ed., Pearson Education, Inc. New Delhi, India. 2002;261-269.
Trivedi PR, Raj G. Environmental water and soil analysis. Akashdeep Publication House, New Delhi, India. 1992;72.
Freeman N, Daniel IO, Pardon K, Kuipa EM, Belaid M. Characterization of effluent from textile wet finishing operations. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, Vol I, October 20-22, San Francisco, USA; 2009.
DEP (Department of Environmental Protection). Surface water quality standards. Chapter 62-302, Tallahassee, FL-32399, USA; 2010.
Zakir HM, Sattar MA, Quadir QF. Cadmium pollution and irrigation water quality assessment of an urban river: A case study of the Mayur river, Khulna, Bangladesh. J Chem Bio Phy Sci. 2015;5(2):2133-2149.
Boyed CE. Water quality management for pond fish culture. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. London - Tokyo – New York; 1992.
Hounslow AW. Water quality analysis: Analysis and interpretation. CRC Press; 1995.
Azeez PA. Environmental implications of untreated effluents from bleaching and dyeing. In: Ecofriendly technology for waste minimization in textile industry. Ed: Senthilnathan S. Centre for Envrionment Education, Tirupur Field Office, Tirupur & Environment Cell Division, Public Works Department WRO, Coimbatore. 2001;5- 11.
Wynne G, Maharaj D, Buckley C. Cleaner production in the textile industry –Lessons from the Danish experience. South African Dyers and Finishers Association, Natal Branch Pollution Research Group, School of Chemical Engineering, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa; 2001.
Ahmed MK, Monika D, Islam MM, Akter MS. Physico-chemical properties of tannery and textile effluents and surface water of River Buriganga and Karnatoli, Bangladesh. World Appl Sci J. 2011;12(2): 152-159.
Environmental impact statement Yalobusha river watershed demonstration erosion control project, Yazoobasin, Missisippi (Final report), US Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg District; 2002.
Firdissa B, Solomon Y, Soromessa T. Assessment of the status of industrial waste water effluent for selected industries in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. J Natural Sci Res. 2016;6(17):1-10.
Sivakumar KK, Balamurugan C, Ramakrishnan D, Leena Hebsi Bhai. Assessment studies on wastewater pollution by textile dyeing and bleaching industries at Karur, Tamilnadu. Rasayan J Chem. 2011;4(2):264-269.
Abstract View: 2367 times
PDF Download: 1270 times