Effects of Plant Species on the Physico-chemical Properties of Soil in Falgore Game Reserve, Kano State, Nigeria
Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology,
This study was carried out to examine the effect of plant species on soil properties in the Falgore Game Reserve (FGR) in Kano State, Nigeria; with the aim to promote sustainable conservation and management of the game reserve and to encourage the use of multiple tree species on farmlands. Strata, systematic and random sampling techniques were employed in order to capture the variability of land cover. Composite samples of soil were randomly collected at a depth of 0-30cm from sample plots of 50 m × 50 m sizes at five points using soil auger. This experiment was replicated four times. The samples were thoroughly mixed and spread out on a dry floor to air dried under the roofed shade. The samples were packaged in polythene bags and taken to the biological science laboratory (Bayero University Kano, Nigeria) for preparation and analysis. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA and Correlation at p< 0.05. Based on this finding, shrubs and tree species diversity were found to be inversely related to soil total Nitrogen, N, % O.C and soil pH (H2O). The nitrogen content of the soil sample was more stable compared with the carbon content across the strata in the study area. The results of this finding revealed that plants species diversity have different effects on soil properties of FGR. Thus, it is recommended that conservation and restoration of threatened plant species should be encouraged for soil amendment. For easy adoption of plant species on farmlands, farmers should be enlightened more on the effects and environmental functions of trees on farm land.
- soil nutrients
- land cover
- soil property.
How to Cite
Imogie AE, Udosen CV, Ugbah MM and Utulu SN. Long term effect of Leucaenaleucocephala on soil physico-chemical properties and fresh fruit bunch (FFB) production of oil palm. African Journal of Plant Science Vol. 2008;2(11):129-132.
Magdoff F, Van Es H. Building soils for better crops. Sustainable Agriculture Network; 2005.
Emmanuel O, Olayiwola O. Impact of charcoal production on nutrients of soils under woodland savanna part of Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Earth Science. 2013;3(3).
Gideon PK, Verinumbe I. The contribution of agroforestry tree products to rural farmers in Karim – Lamido local government area of Taraba State. Journal Of Research In Forestry, Wildlife And Environmental. 2013;5(1):50-62.
Olujobi OJ, Oke DO. Assesment of existing agroforestry practices in Ondo state, Nigeria. In: L. Popoola, P. Mfon, PI Oni (eds). Sustainable forest management in Nigeria; lessons and prospects. Proceedings of the 30th annual conference of the Forestry Association of Nigeria held in Kaduna. 2005;110-118.
Otegbeye GO, Ogigirigi MA. Towards amelioration of the ecology of the semi-arid areas Nigeria through afforestation: problems and prospects, paper presented at the international workshop on ecology and society in the history of the African Sahel and Savannah, Maiduguri, Nigeria; 1991.
Rawat RS. Studies on interrelationship of woody vegetation density and soil characteristics along an altitudinal gradient in a montane forest of Garhwal Himalayas. Indian Forester. 2005;990-994.
Olofin EA. Some aspects of the physical Geography of the Kano region and related human responses, departmental lecture notes series No 1. Department of Geography, Bayero University Kano; 1987.
Gee GW, Bouder JW. Particle size analysis. In: Klute, A (ed.) Methods of soil analysis 2nd ed. No. 9 ASA. Inc. SSSA Madison, Washington D.C. 1986;383-409.
Walkey D, Black N. Population structure of some tree species in disturbed and protected subtropical forest of north east India. Acta Oecologia. 1934;8:237–245.
Nelson DW, Sommers LE. Organic carbon, In: Page, AL (Ed) methods of soil analysis: Part two Argon. Monograph, 9; ASA. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 1982;570-571.
Juo AH. Changes in soil properties during long-term fallow and continuous cultivation after forest clearing in Nigeria. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment. 1979;56:9-18.
Anderson JM, Ingram JSI. Tropical soil biology and fertility: A handbook of methods. CAB Int. UK. 1998;82-89.
Schmidt M, Veldkamp E, Corre MD. Tree species diversity effects on productivity, soil nutrient availability and nutrient response efficiency in a temperate deciduous forest. Forest Ecology and Management. 2015;338:114–123.
Huston M. Biological diversity, soils and economics; Science. 1993;262(5140):1676 –1680.
Nirmal JI, Kumar RN, Bhoi RK, Sajish PR. Tree species diversity and soil nutrient status in three sites of tropical dry deciduous forest of western India. Tropical Ecology. 2010;51(2):273–279.
Fu BJ, Liu SL, Ma KM, Zhu YG. Relationships between soil characteristics, topography and plant diversity in a heterogeneous deciduous broad-leaved forest near Beijing, China. Plant and Soil. 2004;261(1-2):47–54.
Scherer-Lorenzen M, Schulze ED, Don A, Schumacher J, Weller E. Exploring the functional significance of forest diversity: A new long-term experiment with temperate tree species (BIOTREE). Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematic. 2007;9:53–70.
Frouz J, Livečková M, Albrechtová J, Chroňáková A, Cajthaml T, Pižl V. Is the effect of trees on soil properties mediated by soil fauna? A case study from post-mining sites. Forest Ecology and Management. 2011;309:87-95.
Grierson PF, Adams MA. Plant species affect acid phosphatase, ergosterol and microbial P in a Jarrah (Eucalyptus marginataDonn ex Sm.) forest in southwestern Australia. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2000;32(13):1817-27.
Mudrák O, Frouz J, Velichová V. Understory vegetation in reclaimed and unreclaimed post-mining forest stands. Ecological Engineering. 2010;36(6):783-90.
Mueller KE, Eissenstat DM, Hobbie SE, Oleksyn J, Jagodzinski AM, Reich PB, Chorover J. Tree species effects on coupled cycles of carbon, nitrogen and acidity in mineral soils at a common garden experiment. Biogeochemistry. 2012;111:601–614.
Morin X, Fahse L, Scherer-Lorenzen M, and Bugmann H. Tree species richness promotes productivity in temperate forests through strong complementarity between species. Ecology Letters. 2011;14:1211–1219.
Cesarz S, Ruess L, Jacob M, Jacob A, Schaefer M, Scheu S. Tree species diversity versus tree species identity: driving forces in structuring forest food webs as indicated by soil nematodes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2013;62:36–45.
Hagen-Thorn A, Callesen I, Armolaitis K, and Nihlg B _ard. The impact of six European tree species on the chemistry of mineral topsoil in forest plantations on former agricultural land. Forest Ecology and Management. 2004;195:373–384.
Lai Z, Zhang Y, Liu J, Wu B, Qin S, Fa K. Fine-root distribution, production, decomposition and effect on soil organic carbon of three revegetation shrub species in northwest China. Forest Ecology and Management. 2016;359:381–388.
Richards AE, Schmidt S. Complementary resource use by tree species in a rain forest tree plantation. Ecological Applications. 2010;20:1237–1254.
Vitousek PM, Aber JD, Howarth RW, Likens GE, Matson PA, Schindler DW, Schlesinger WH, Tilman DG. Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle: Sources and consequences. Ecological Applications. 1997;7:737–750.
Loreau M. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: Current knowledge and future challenges. Science. 2001;294:804–808.
Abstract View: 1997 times
PDF Download: 941 times