Wind Power Potential in Near Future Climate Scenarios: The Case for Burundi (East Africa)

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Agnidé Emmanuel Lawin
Manirakiza Célestin
Lamboni Batablinlé

Abstract

This paper assessed projected changes of wind power potential in near future climate scenarios over four sites from two contrasting regions of Burundi. Observed and MERRA-2 data sets were considered for the historical period 1981-2010, and a computed Multi-model ensemble for future projections data of eight Regional Climate Models under RCP 4.5 and 8.5 over the period 2011-2040 was used. Regional Climate Models were downscaled at local climate using Empirical Statistical Downscaling method. Mann-Kendall’s test was used for trend analysis over the historical period, while future changes in wind power density (WPD) quartiles were computed for each climate scenario by 2040. The findings revealed an increase in wind power potential all over the area studied with higher values during summer time. Indeed, over the period 2011-2040, the lowest WPD change is projected at Northern highlands (NHL) under RCP 4.5 with 27.03 W.m-2, while the highest WPD change of 46.34 W.m-2 is forecasted under RCP 8.5 at Southern Imbo plain (SIP). The month of August and September are expected to have higher WPD change in RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5, respectively while January is projected to have the lowest WPD. Places near by the Lake Tanganyika are the most favorable areas for wind power generation.

Keywords:
Burundi, climate change, wind power

Article Details

How to Cite
Lawin, A., Célestin, M., & Batablinlé, L. (2019). Wind Power Potential in Near Future Climate Scenarios: The Case for Burundi (East Africa). Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, 8(4), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajee/2018/v8i430080
Section
Original Research Article