Effect of Dumpsite on Water Quality of Shallow Wells: A Case Study of Nasarawa Town, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

C. E. Anumiri
I. Onaiwu
E. A. Obajulu
Y. Aliyu


Municipal solid waste management has emerged as one of the greatest challenges facing environmental protection agencies in developing countries. Water for drinking, cooking and bathing exposes people, especially young children to a wide range of health risks, including diarrheal diseases. This paperis aimed to study the physio-chemical and bacteriological qualities of water samples collected from the wells close to dumpsites in some selected location of Nasarawa Local Government Area, Nasarawa State. From the research, waste dumps which are located indiscriminately in Nasarawa town have strong influence on shallow groundwater samples. The physico-chemical and bacteriological properties of the water samples collected from wells fall short of WHO standard. Also, a significant difference was observed between these parameters value in wet and dry seasons. Heavy metals were also detected in the water samples above the acceptable range as recommended by WHO. Significant difference in value of electrical conductivity between wet season and dry season is attributed to the increase in water volume in the well which reduces the salt concentration. Diseases related to drinking non portable water was the most reported cases in all the clinics visited in Nasarawa Local Government Area and this might be as a result of people of this community drinking from these water sources. It was recommended that shallow well should be well lined likewise located far away from dumpsite and latrine, water from these sources should undergo so level of treatment before consumption.

Shallow well, dumpsite, Nasarawa Local Government Area, Nigeria.

Article Details

How to Cite
Anumiri, C. E., Onaiwu, I., Obajulu, E. A., & Aliyu, Y. (2019). Effect of Dumpsite on Water Quality of Shallow Wells: A Case Study of Nasarawa Town, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology, 10(3), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajee/2019/v10i330117
Original Research Article


pit latrines on shallow wells at Isale-Igbehin Community, Abeokuta, Nigeria. Journal of Geology and Mining Research. 2011;3(8):211-218.

Adeoye PA, Hasfalina CM, Mohammed AS, Thamer AM, Akinbile CO. Poultry waste effect on shallow groundwater quality in selected farms in Minna, North-central Nigeria. Proceedings of International Conference on Agricultural and Food Engineering for life. University Putra, Malaysia. 2012;554–565.

Aluko OO, Sridhar MKC, Oluwande PA. Characterization of leachates from a municipal solid waste landfill site in Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Health Resources. 2003;2(1): 32-37.

Singh RP, Singh P, Araujo AS, Ibrahim MH, Sulaiman O. Management of urban solid waste: Vermicomposting a sustainable option. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 2011;55(7): 719-729.

Ocheri MI. Assessment of groundwater quality for rural water supply in Benue State, Nigeria. Unpublished Ph. D Thesis, Department of Geography, University of Nigeria, Nsukka; 2010.

Foster D, Lawrence AR, Morris BM. Groundwater in Urban Development. World Bank technical Paper no 390, Washington DC. 1998;121.

Assotiation O. O. A. C. A. Official methods of analysis of AOAC; 2005.

Smith K, Hunter IS. Efficacy of common hospital biocides with biofilms of multi-drug resistant clinical isolates. J Med Microbiol. 2008;57:966–973.

Odafivwotu O, Abotutu A. Environmental Impact of Urbanization in Nigeria. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology. 2015;9(3):212-221.

Kruawal K, Sacher F, Werner A, Müller J, Knepper TP. Chemical water quality in Thailand and its impacts on the drinking water production in Thailand. Science of the Total Environment. 2005;340(1-3):57-70.

Mwendera EJ. Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (RWSS) coverage in Swaziland: Toward achieving millennium development goals. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C. 2006;31(15-16):681-689.

Rossiter J, Brahme A, Inal K, Mishra R. Numerical analyses of surface roughness during bending of FCC single crystals and polycrystals. International Journal of Plasticity. 2013;46:82-93.

Rao NS. Seasonal variation of groundwater quality in a part of Guntur District, Anhra Pradesh, India. Environmental Geology. 2006;49:413-429.

Rutkoviene V, Kusta A, Cesoniene L. Environmental impact on nitrate level in the water of shallow wells. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. 2005a;14(5): 631-637.

Salami L, Susu AA. Leachate characterization and assessment of groundwater quality: A case of Soluos dumpsite, Lagos, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research. 2013;3(2):42-61.

Sanusi KO, Akinbile CO. Effect of seasonal drawdown variations on groundwater quality in Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2013;12(30): 4777-4787.

Shaibani A, Abdulaziz M. Hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of a shallow alluvial aquifer, Western Saudi Arabia. Hydrogeology Journal. 2008;16(1):155-165.

Shomar B. Groundwater contaminations and health perspectives in developing World case study: Gaza strip. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 2011;33(1):189-202.

Sujatha D, Reddy BR. Quality characterization of groundwater in the South Eastern Part of the Ranga Reddy District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Environmental Geolog. 2003;44(1):579-586.

Terngu AJ, Hyacinth OA, Rufus SA. Physico-chemical and bacteriological quality of water from shallow wells in two rural communities in Benue State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Analytical Environmental Chemistry. 2010;11(1):73-78.

Thamer AM, Bujang BKH. Groundwater engineering and geotechnique. First edition. University Putra Malaysia Press, Malaysia; 2004.

United States Environmental Protection Agency, USEPA. Drinking water standards and health advisories. EPA 820-R-11-002; 2011.
(Accessed February, 2017)

W.H.O. WHO issues revised drinking-water guidelines to prevent waterborne disease; 2011.
Available:http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/events/press_backgrounder/en/. (Accessed July, 2017)

World Health Organization, WHO. Nitrate and nitrite in drinking-water: Background document for development of WHO guidelines for drinking water quality; 2006.
(Accessed September, 2017)