Main Article Content
Landfills are mostly used to manage solid waste in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Due to inappropriate administration, there have been numerous issues over the years relating to odor and leachate. The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of odor stemming from Da Phuoc landfill site on surrounding areas. A questionnaire survey was administered through face-to-face interviews with 409 residents living in the affected areas. The findings of this study indicate that the odor perception of residents significantly influences their attitudes towards waste disposal sites. The results show that odor affects not only the region around municipal solid waste (MSW) treatment facilities but regions more than 7 km away as well. The data indicates that the odor emanating from the MSW disposal site negatively affects the daily life of many residents. This study is an effort to finding a solution to reduce the impact of odor generated from the landfill site on nearby residential areas.
Lisk DJ. Environmental effects of landfills. Sci Total Environ. 1991;100(C):415-468.
Rabl A, Spadaro JV, Zoughaib A. Environmental impacts and costs of solid waste: a comparison of landfill and incineration. Waste Manag Res. 2008; 26(2):147-162. DOI:10.1177/0734242X07080755
Furuseth OJ, Johnson MS. Neighbourhood attitudes towards a sanitary landfill: A North Carolina study. Appl Geogr. 1988; 8(2):135-145.
Aatamila M, Verkasalo PK, Korhonen MJ, et al. Odour annoyance and physical symptoms among residents living near waste treatment centres. Environ Res. 2011;111(1):164-170. DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2010.11.008
Resident’s concerns and attitudes towards Solid Waste Management facilities. Waste Manag. 2004;24(5):437-451.
Kim K-H, Choi Y, Jeon E, Sunwoo Y. Characterization of malodorous sulfur compounds in landfill gas. Atmos Environ. 2005;39(6):1103-1112. DOI:10.1016/J.ATMOSENV.2004.09.083
Sarkar U, Hobbs SE. Odour from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) landfills: A study on the analysis of perception. Environ Int. 2002;27(8):655-662. Available:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11934115. Accessed May 10, 2019.
Sarkar U, Longhurst PJ, Hobbs SE. Community modelling: A tool for correlating estimates of exposure with perception of odour from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills. J Environ Manage. 2003;68(2): 133-140.
Johnson BN, Sobel N. Methods for building an olfactometer with known concentration outcomes. J Neurosci Methods. 2007;160 (2):231-245. DOI:10.1016/j.jneumeth.2006.09.008
Hayes JE, Stevenson RJ, Stuetz RM. Survey of the effect of odour impact on communities. J Environ Manage. 2017; 204:349-354. DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.09.016
Verma RL, Borongan G, Memon M. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, Current Practices and Future Recommendation. Procedia Environ Sci. 2016;35:127-139.
Sucker K, Both R, Winneke G. Adverse effects of environmental odours: Reviewing studies on annoyance responses and symptom reporting. Water Sci Technol. 2001;44(9):43-51.
Nimmermark S. Odour influence on well-being and health with specific focus on animal production emissions. Ann Agric Env Med. 2004;3(3):163-173.
Che Y, Yang K, Jin Y, Zhang W, Shang Z, Tai J. Residents’ concerns and attitudes toward a municipal solid waste landfill: Integrating a questionnaire survey and GIS techniques. Environ Monit Assess. 2013;185(12):10001-10013. DOI:10.1007/s10661-013-3308-y
Sakawi Z, Sharifah, Mastura SA, Jaafar O, Mahmud M. Community perception of odor pollution from the landfill. Res J Environ Earth Sci. 2011;3(2):142-145.
Available:https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5aae/5ccc25f7b06d9cb5158158a43a6229166ec7.pdf. Accessed May 10, 2019.
Naddeo V, Zarra T, Oliva G, Chiavola A, Vivarelli A. Environmental odour impact assessment of landfill expansion scenarios: Case study of Borgo Montello (Italy). Chem Eng Trans. 2016;54:73-78.
Aatamila M, Verkasalo PK, Korhonen MJ, et al. Odor annoyance near waste treatment centers: A population-based study in Finland. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2010;60(4):412-418.
Vrijheid M. Health effects of residence near hazardous waste landfill sites: a review of epidemiologic literature. Environ Health Perspect. 2000;108Suppl(Suppl 1):101-112.
Al-Yaqout AF, Koushki PA, Hamoda MF. Public opinion and siting solid waste landfills in Kuwait. Resour Conserv Recycl. 2002;35(4):215-227.
De Feo G, De Gisi S, Williams ID. Public perception of odour and environmental pollution attributed to MSW treatment and disposal facilities: A case study. Waste Manag. 2013;33(4):974-987.
Sankoh FP, Yan X, Tran Q. Environmental and health impact of solid waste disposal in developing cities: A case study of granville brook Dumpsite, Freetown, Sierra Leone. J Environ Prot (Irvine, Calif). 2013;04(07):665-670. DOI:10.4236/jep.2013.47076
Al-Khatib IA, Ajlouny H, Al-Sari’ MI, Kontogianni S. Residents’ concerns and attitudes toward solid waste management facilities in Palestine: A case study of Hebron district. Waste Manag Res. 2014; 32(3):228-236. DOI:10.1177/0734242X14521684
Felicia Babs-Shomoye1 RK. Namakemono Ga Miteta. 2. Shūeisha. 2004;2.
(Accessed May 10, 2019)
Srangsriwong A, Olapiriyakul S, Yenradee P. Asia - Pacific Journal of Science and Technology Factors influencing public perception and impact distance of a municipal solid waste dumpsite in Thailand. 2018;1-13.
Tuan NQ, Mac Laren VW. Community concerns about landfills: A case study of Hanoi, Vietnam. J Environ Plan Manag. 2005;48(6):809-831. DOI:10.1080/09640560500294228
People's Commitee of Binh Chanh District in Ho Chi Minh City.
People's Committee of Nha Be District in Ho Chi Minh City.
People's Committee of Nha Be District in Ho Chi Minh City.
People's Committee of District 7 in Ho Chi Minh City
Rappert S, Müller R. Odor compounds in waste gas emissions from agricultural operations and food industries. Waste Manag. 2005;25(9):887-907.
Noble R, Hobbs PJ, Dobrovin-Pennington A, Misselbrook TH, AM. Atmospheric Pollutants and Trace Gases. 2001;(i):760-767.
Davoli E, Gangai ML, Morselli L, Tonelli D. Characterisation of odorants emissions from landfills by SPME and GC/MS. Chemosphere. 2003;51(5):357-368.
Gallego E, Soriano C, Roca FX, Perales JF, Alarcón M, Guardino X. Identification of the origin of odour episodes through social participation, chemical control and numerical modelling. Atmos Environ. 2008; 42(35):8150-8160. DOI:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.08.004
Dalton & Dilks. Odor, annoyance and health symptom in a residential community exposed to industrial odors.
Lowman A, Mc Donald MA, Wing S, Muhammad N. Land application of treated sewage sludge: Community health and environmental justice. Environ Health Perspect. 2013;121(5):537-542.
Brancher M, Piringer M, Franco D, Belli Filho P, De Melo Lisboa H, Schauberger G. Assessing the inter-annual variability of separation distances around odour sources to protect the residents from odour annoyance. J Environ Sci (China). 2019; 79:11-24.
Luginaah IN, Martin Taylor S, Elliott SJ, Eyles JD. Community reappraisal of the perceived health effects of a petroleum refinery. Soc Sci Med. 2002;55(1):47-61.
Elliott SJ, Cole DC, Krueger P, Voorberg N, Wakefield S. The power of perception: Health risk attributed to air pollution in an urban industrial neighbourhood. Risk Anal. 1999;19(4):621-634. DOI:10.1023/A:1007029518897
Harrison EZ, Oakes SR. Features investigation of alleged health incidents associated with land application of sewage sludges. 2002;12.
Available:http://cwmi.css.cornell.edu/Sludge/Newsolutions.pdf. Accessed June 18, 2019.
Wakefield S, Elliott SJ. Environmental risk perception and well-being: Effects of the landfill siting process in two southern Ontario communities. Soc Sci Med. 2000;50(7-8):1139-1154. DOI:10.1016/S0277-9536(99)00361-5
Cavalini PM. Industrial odorants: The relationship between modeled exposure concentrations and annoyance. Arch Environ Health. 1994;49(5):344-351.
Chen YC, Bundy D, Hoff S. Modeling the variation of wind speed with height for agricultural source pollution control. ASHRAE Trans. 1998;104(Pt 1B):1685-1691.
Bliss PJ, Schulz TJ, Senger T, Kaye RB. Odour measurement - Factors affecting olfactometry panel performance. Water Sci Technol. 1996;34(3-4-4 pt 2):549-556.
Dalton P. Odor perception and beliefs about risk. Chem Senses. 1996;21(4):447-458.
Dalton P, Wysocki CJ. The nature and duration of adaptation following long-term odor exposure. Percept Psychophys. 1996;58(5):781-792. DOI:10.3758/BF03213109
Schiffman SS, Sattely Miller EA, Suggs MS, Graham BG. The effect of environmental odors emanating from commercial swine operations on the mood of nearby residents. Brain Res Bull. 1995; 37(4):369-375.
Knasko SC, Gilbert AN, Sabini J. Emotional State, Physical well-being, and performance in the presence of feigned Ambient Odor 1. J Appl Soc Psychol. 1990;20(16):1345-1357. DOI:10.1111/j.1559-1816.1990.tb01476.x
Knasko SC. Ambient odor’s effect on creativity, mood, and perceived health. Chem Senses. 1992;17(1):27-35.
Rotton J. Basic and applied social psychology affective and cognitive consequences of malodorous pollution. 1983;37-41. DOI:10.1207/s15324834basp0402